Situated on the high ground of the Church of England property, at the northeast end of the site, the rectory was highset on timber stumps, of exposed timber stud-framing, lined with deep chamferboards , and surrounded by verandahs. It had a centrally positioned front door, and french doors with fanlights opening onto the front verandah. Once the rectory was completed, Rev.
William Maitland Woods was installed as the first incumbent clergyman of the parish of Thursday Island, and canvassing began for funds for construction of a Memorial Church - a durable edifice, of artistic proportions, worthy of its commemorative intentions. Thursday Island's Presbyterians were particularly supportive of the project. After considering the cost of brick or stone, the Church Building Committee decided that the memorial church should be constructed in concrete, and commissioned a design from John Hingeston Buckeridge, Brisbane's Anglican diocesan architect from February until Buckeridge designed about 60 churches in southern Queensland and later church and mission buildings in British New Guinea.
Like many Queensland architects, he was declared bankrupt in , following the collapse of the building industry during the depression of the early s , and moved from Brisbane to Sydney. He prepared the design for the Quetta Memorial Church in , most likely from Sydney. The original design was for a Gothic Revival style building with chancel , nave of 5 bays in length, aisles , bell tower spire , vestries , and side entrances. However, like many Queensland churches, the Quetta Memorial Church was constructed in stages, as funds became available, and was never completed as originally designed.
The Hon. John Douglas , Government Resident at Thursday Island and a staunch supporter of the project, laid the foundation stone on 24 May At this time Douglas made an appeal for the Bishop to permit clergymen of other Protestant denominations to conduct services in the church, but the Bishop made no formal statement on this.
By mid the chancel and four-fifths of the nave had been completed. The concrete side arches to the nave had been constructed, but were clad externally with temporary timber boarding, until the aisles could be built. A skillion-roofed timber vestry had been erected on the western side of the church, off the chancel.
There was no debt on the building, but the Church Building Committee was anxious to complete Buckeridge's design, and a second appeal for funds was launched in At this time the church was promoted as a focus for missionary work in the Diocese of North Queensland, and already attracted numbers of Japanese and South Sea Islanders - groups prominent in the Torres Strait pearl-shell industry. At the same time the Bishop of North Queensland, Dr Barlow, was working toward the establishment of a new far northern diocese, the centre of which was likely to be at Thursday Island - in which case the Quetta Memorial Church would become a Cathedral.
It appears that by the aisles had been constructed, but in timber, which was a temporary measure. These had lancet windows along the sides, as in Buckeridge's original design. The building seated about persons, in wooden chairs rather than pews , was already a place of pilgrimage , and something of a tourist attraction. A number of relics from the wreck of the Quetta were displayed, and there were various memorials to persons who had died in, or had been saved from, the Quetta, as well as relics or memorials to other Torres Strait shipwrecks.
The association of the place with the Torres Strait, and with the sea, was very strong. In Queensland the boundary of the new diocese extended to south of Port Douglas , with Cairns remaining in the Diocese of North Queensland. There was no large population centre in the whole of the new diocese. Access was principally by sea, and so Thursday Island, centrally located on a major shipping route, was chosen as the seat of the Bishop. The Ven. Thursday Island parishioners agreed that the Bishop should be appointed Dean of the Cathedral, with a Sub-Dean to be appointed to take charge of parochial matters.
The cathedral was also to be used for parochial purposes.
The existing rectory was to be taken over by the Diocese as the See House, or Bishop's House, and a new residence was to be provided for the clergyman of the Thursday Island parish. The new Bishop had a formidable task ahead, and little funding. Fearing that it would be difficult to attract clergy to the Diocese, he proposed to establish a Diocesan theological training college on Thursday Island.
This was made possible following an undertaking by Lord Beauchamp , Governor of New South Wales , to support three students at the Theological Training College for three years, from 1 January The new theological college was known as Bishop's College, and was established in the See House on Thursday Island, which in late early was enlarged to 11 rooms, providing accommodation for 4 college students, as well as the Bishop and the Thursday Island rector.
It is likely that the side and rear verandahs were first enclosed at this stage, and there was an ecclesiastical arched timber balustrade to the front verandah by this date. In , Lord Beauchamp renewed his support,  but the college closed in following the establishment of a parochial theological college at Nundah. By January some Anglican services were being conducted in Japanese through an interpreter , and the Japanese community had erected a small building known as the Japanese Schoolroom on Church of England property.
Little is known about this building, but it seems to have been used mainly for conducting evening English classes. The building also served on occasions as a venue for Church meetings. Whether or not the venue was the deterrent, the Girls' School was not supported, and closed within a few months. In the early s both the Bishop and the local parish worked to improve the Church of England premises on Thursday Island. In the period a parish hall and a new rectory were erected, the whole of the church ground was fenced, a belltower was built, renovations were made to the Japanese Schoolroom, and additions were made to the South Sea Home - both the latter established on Church property in the s.
By January , with Bishop White's encouragement, the local parish had decided to erect a Parish Institute, a purpose-designed church hall in which to hold parochial meetings, social gatherings, church society meetings, a Sunday School, etc. The construction of this hall was considered essential to the expansion of the work of the parish. Funds were raised in , tenders were called in October that year, and the foundation stone was laid by Hon.
The building was of timber construction, and measured 50 by 25 feet It was designed by John Hamilton Park , of Cairns , who had trained as an architect under FDG Stanley in the s, and who in was foreman for the construction of military works on Thursday Island, where he also practised as an architect for a short period.
The building was erected by contractors Byres and Young, of Thursday Island, and was officially opened by Bishop White on 21 January Other ground improvements during the first half of included the construction of a belfry tower with a bell purchased from Townsville , and the enclosure of the Cathedral grounds with a picket fence of "gothic design" along Douglas Street, and wire netting at the rear of the property.
The Japanese also raised funds to improve their school. In October a deputation of prominent Thursday Island citizens, including the Hon. John Douglas, petitioned Bishop White to allow visiting clergymen of other denominations to preach at the Cathedral. The claim was made on the grounds that other denominations, particularly the Presbyterians, had contributed significantly to the construction of the Quetta Memorial Church in the s.
The Bishop deliberated over this, but having studied early minutes, it was clear that the original intention had been to erect an Anglican church, and in December he refused the petition. In February the Bishop modified his position by offering visiting ministers the use of the parish institute, but he would not be moved on the issue of use of the Cathedral. In a new timber rectory was built in the church grounds, completed to accommodate a new minister and his wife who arrived on Thursday Island in September.
A description of the Anglican community on Thursday Island in reveals a multi-cultural community, whose economy and culture were connected closely with the sea: . The congregation of the cathedral is an interesting one, comprising soldiers from the garrison, pearl-shellers, visitors from ships, South Sea Island and Japanese communicants, in addition to the white population, and often a detachment of native Christians from Mobiag or one of the other Torres Straits islands.
Special prayer is offered daily for "those engaged in fishing, travelling, or doing their business in the great waters," and few strangers visit Thursday Island without a pilgrimage to the cathedral and its relics of the dangers of the deep. Following the death of the Hon. John Douglas in , it was decided to complete in concrete the northeast aisle of the cathedral as the Douglas Memorial Chapel, to serve for daily services and devotional meetings. Plans were commissioned from JH Buckeridge, but fund raising for this project took many years.
Almost immediately, fundraising began for completion of the southwest aisle, which was opened on 20 June The new aisles deviated from Buckeridge's design, in that they now had rows of paired, lancet-shaped arched doors along the sides, which when opened, made the cathedral extremely light and cool. A number of memorials were placed in the cathedral in the early years of the 20th century. These included: . The offer was accepted, and the hand-over was formalised in March During the Second World War most of the civilian population of Thursday Island was evacuated to the mainland, and the Island became a garrison town.
During this period services continued to be held at the Cathedral, and oral history suggests that the church hall was requisitioned for military purposes. The s was a period of change within the Diocese of Carpentaria. The front of the cathedral was extended in , but not to Buckeridge's original concept. In the Diocese of the Northern Territory separated from the Diocese of Carpentaria, and around this time the Bishop's House on Thursday Island was renovated, with substantial internal changes.
Memorials placed in the Cathedral in the late 20th century include a timber screen of very fine traditional Islander work, carved by Abia Ingui of Boigu Island , which was placed between the Blessed Sacrament Chapel and the low altar in Vibrant stained glass windows , designed by artist Oliver Cowley, were placed in the clerestory in the s. In the Cathedral was re-roofed. In , after nearly a century, the Diocese of Carpentaria was re-absorbed by the Diocese of North Queensland.
At this time the Bishop's House on Thursday Island was vacated. All Souls' and St Bartholomew's Cathedral Church Quetta Memorial remains a focus not only for Christian worship and ceremony in the Torres Strait, but also for Torres Strait Islander identity, and plays a leadership role in the community. The ceremonial signing of the Torres Strait Regional Agreement, along with a special church service, were celebrated here on 1 July , a date co-inciding with the annual celebration of the "Coming of the Light" the arrival of Christian missionaries to the Strait on 1 July A strong spirituality and sense of self-determination are considered by many Torres Strait Islanders to be the two pillars of local society: if one is missing, the community is "unbalanced".
The Anglican precinct on Thursday Island is located at the southwest end of the island, in the oldest section of the town, one street back from the foreshore. The site is bounded by on the southeast by Douglas formerly Tully Street, on the southwest by Jardine Street, on the northwest by Chester Street, and on the northeast by the Catholic precinct. The land slopes slightly toward the southeast and the Douglas Street frontage, which has a low concrete fence extending in front of the church and church hall grounds. Several houses at the southwest end of the site, although church property, are not included in the heritage listing.
The grounds contain a number of memorials, a bell tower, mature plantings, garden paths, stone-edged gardens and fencing. The whole rests on concrete foundations. The earliest section of the nave is four bays in length, with a clerestory. The southeast gabled end of the nave has later sheeting, mimicking timber boarding, and replacing earlier weatherboards. Educated at Gundurimba Public School and the convent school at Tatham, he later worked for his stepfather as a barman at the Federal Hotel, Alstonville; outgoing and popular, he excelled at football, cricket and shot-putting.
Before joining the Australian Imperial Force he completed twelve months military training under the compulsory scheme introduced in Bugden, in the face of devastating fire from machine guns, gallantly led small parties to attack these strong points and, successfully silencing the machine guns with bombs, captured the garrison at the point of the bayonet. On another occasion, when a corporal, who had become detached from his company, had been captured and was being taken to the rear by the enemy, Pte. Bugden, single-handed, rushed to the rescue of his comrade, shot one enemy and bayoneted the remaining two, thus releasing the Corporal.
On five occasions he rescued wounded men under intense shell and machine-gun fire, showing an utter contempt and disregard for danger. Always foremost in volunteering for any dangerous mission, it was during the execution of one of these missions that this gallant soldier was killed. Died: 28 September , Polygon Wood, Belgium. He was educated at home by his parents and later farmed with his father on Homebush, a property near Gulargambone.
After passing the first objective his half-company and part of the company on the flank were held up by an enemy machinegun nest. With one man he rushed the post, shooting four of the occupants and taking 22 prisoners. Later on, reaching a moat, it was found that another machine-gun nest commanded the only available foot-bridge. Whilst this was being engaged from a flank Corporal Buckley endeavoured to cross the bridge and rush the post, but was killed in the attempt.
Throughout the advance he had displayed great initiative, resource and courage, and by his effort to save his comrades from casualties, he set a fine example of self-sacrificing devotion to duty. For most conspicuous bravery, brilliant leadership, and devotion to duty during the operations at Peronne on 1st and 2nd September, During the attack on the 1st September a machine gun post was checking the advance. Single handed [Corporal Hall] rushed the position, shot four of the occupants, and captured nine others, and two machine guns.
Then crossing the objective with a small party, he afforded excellent covering support to the remainder of the company. Continuously in advance of the main party, he located enemy posts of resistance and personally led parties to the assault. In this way he captured many small parties of prisoners and machine guns. On the morning of the 2nd September, during a heavy barrage, he carried to safety a comrade who had been dangerously wounded and was urgently in need of medical attention, and immediately returned to his post.
The energy and personal courage of this gallant non-commissioned officer contributed largely to the success of the operations, throughout which he showed utter disregard of danger and inspired confidence in all. On 11 October he was transferred to the 56th Battalion and on 6 March was promoted temporary sergeant a rank he retained until his discharge from the AIF on 3 August in Sydney. After demobilization Hall returned to the Nyngan district where he bought a pastoral property, Gundooee station, near Coolabah.
In he served as a lieutenant in the 7th Garrison Battalion and on returning to Gundooee carried on his pastoral activities, running sheep and building up a fine herd of Poll Devon cattle. Survived by his wife, a daughter and three sons, Hall died in Nyngan District Hospital on 25 February Soon after, he enlisted in the Royal Navy and served for five years as a stoker before joining the Permanent Military Forces. Place of residence at time of enlistment: Claremont, Tasmania [electorate of Denison]. For conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty on two occasions.
When in command of a platoon, the enemy, under cover of an intense artillery barrage, attacked the small trench he was holding. Owing to weight of numbers the enemy succeeded in entering the trench, and it was owing to Sjt. Whittle personally collecting all available men and charging the enemy that the position was regained. On the second occasion when the enemy broke through the left of our line, Sjt. His platoon were suffering heavy casualties and the enemy endeavoured to bring up a machine gun to enfilade the position. Grasping the situation, he rushed alone across the fire swept ground and attacked the hostile gun crew with bombs before the gun could be got into action.
He succeeded in killing the whole crew and in bringing back the machine gun to our position. Wounded again during the German offensive of March , and once more in late July, Whittle returned to Australia with other VC winners in October to take part in a planned recruiting drive. Following the Armistice, he was discharged on 15 December and lived in Sydney. Within a month he was employed by the Western Assurance Co.
On 7 February he saved a small boy from drowning in an ornamental pool in University Park; though Whittle departed without giving his name, the deed became widely known. Survived by his wife, three daughters and a son, he died of a cerebral haemorrhage on 2 March at Glebe and was buried in Rookwood cemetery. The family moved to a farm near Liverpool when Jack was a child. Educated at Hurlstone Agricultural High School, he worked with his father and became a champion rifle-shooter.
He was a council-member of the Liverpool Agricultural Society and acted as a steward at its shows. Later that month he was promoted acting corporal substantive in November. Well built and about 5 ft 9 ins cm tall, Edmondson settled easily into army life and was known as a quiet but efficient soldier. On the night of the th April, , a party of German infantry broke through the wire defences at Tobruk and established themselves with at least six machine guns, mortars and two small field pieces.
It was decided to attack them with bayonets, and a party consisting of one officer, Corporal Edmondson and five privates, took part in the charge. During the counter-attack Corporal Edmondson was wounded in the neck and stomach but continued to advance under heavy fire and killed one enemy with his bayonet. Later, his officer had his bayonet in one of the enemy and was grasped about the legs by him, when another attacked him from behind. He called for help, and Corporal Edmondson, who was some yards away, immediately came to his assistance and in spite of his wounds, killed both of the enemy.
Shortly after returning from this successful counter-attack, Corporal Edmondson died of his wounds. His actions throughout the operations were outstanding for resolution, leadership and conspicuous bravery. For most conspicuous bravery. Jackson got back safely and, after handing over a prisoner whom he had brought in, immediately went out again under very heavy shell fire and assisted in bringing in a wounded man.
He then went out again, and with a sergeant was bringing another wounded man when his arm was blown off by a shell and the sergeant was rendered unconscious. He then returned to our trenches, obtained assistance, and went out again to look for his two wounded comrades. He set a splendid example of pluck and determination. His work has always been marked by the greatest coolness and bravery. Jackson was evacuated and his arm was amputated. He embarked for Australia on 4 May and was discharged on 15 September. Returning to Merriwa, he began dealing in horses and animal skins but in became licensee of the Figtree hotel in Wollongong.
Jackson then moved to Sydney in for employment. He had several jobs, including clerical work with the Metropolitan Water, Sewerage and Drainage Board. In he moved to Melbourne and became commissionaire and inquiry attendant at the Melbourne Town Hall. In Jackson visited England to attend Victoria Cross centenary celebrations.
Survived by his daughter, he died of arteriosclerotic heart disease on 4 August at the Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Melbourne, and was cremated. Died: 4 August , Heidelberg, Victoria [electorate of Jagajaga]. After school and at weekends he helped with the work on the family farm and for recreation regularly played tennis.
During the depression it became necessary for Reg and his elder brothers to find work away from the family property. The attack was met by extremely heavy fire and all forward movement was stopped with casualties mounting. Corporal Rattey quickly appreciated the serious situation delaying the advance could only be averted by silencing enemy fire from automatic weapons in bunkers, which dominated all the lines of approach. He determined that a bold push by himself alone would surprise the enemy and offered the best chance of success. With amazing courage he rushed forward firing his Bren gun and hurling grenades.
This completely neutralised enemy fire. Corporal Rattey, now without grenades, raced back to his section under extremely heavy fire and obtained two grenades with which he again rushed the remaining bunkers, effectively silencing all opposition and enabling his company to continue its advance. A little later the advance of his company was again held up by a heavy machine gun firing across the front.
Without hesitation Corporal Rattey rushed the gun and silenced it. The company again continued its advance and gained its objective, which was consolidated. The serious situation was turned into a brilliant success, entirely by the courage, cool planning and stern determination of Corporal Rattey.
His bravery was an incentive to the entire company, who fought with inspiration derived from the gallantry of Corporal Rattey, despite the stubborn opposition to which they were subjected. In Reg then a widower, declined an invitation to be part of the Official Celebrations for the Royal Visit by Queen Elizabeth and Prince Phillip to Australia being unable to spare the time away from his property.
Again not able to spare the time away from his property in Reg declined an invitation to attend with other Victoria Cross recipients from around the World the Victoria Cross Centenary Celebrations in London. The people of West Wyalong understanding his dilemma, raised the money for Reg and Aileen to fly to London for the celebrations and avoid a lengthy sea voyage.
Reg Rattey VC died of emphysema, aged 68 yrs, on the 10 January Educated locally, he worked as a labourer before enlisting in the Australian Imperial Force at Wagga Wagga on 1 December For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty during an attack against the Hindenburg defences on 30th September Ryan went forward with great dash and determination, and was one of the first to reach the enemy trench. His exceptional skill and daring inspired his comrades, and, despite heavy fire, the hostile garrison was soon overcome and the trench occupied.
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The enemy then counter-attacked, and succeeded in establishing a bombing party in the rear of the position. Under fire from front and rear, the position was critical, and necessitated prompt action. Quickly appreciating the situation, he organised and led the men near him with bomb and bayonet against the enemy bombers, finally reaching the position with only three men.
Ryan alone rushed the remainder with bombs. A particularly dangerous situation had been saved by this gallant soldier, whose example of determination, bravery and initiative was an inspiration to all. The subsequent years were not kind to John Ryan who, like so many returned servicemen, found it hard to adjust to civilian life and to keep a job. His circumstances worsened during the Depression when he was on the road for four years.
Destitute, in August he walked from Balranald, New South Wales, to Mildura, Victoria, where he was given temporary work by the local council and shortly after found employment in a Melbourne insurance office where he remained for several years. By May , in poor health, he was again tramping the streets looking for work and was taken to hospital the day he was to have started yet another job. He died of pneumonia in Royal Melbourne Hospital on 3 June and was buried with military honours in the Catholic section of Springvale cemetery where eight VC winners formed a guard of honour.
Died: 3 June , Parkville, Victoria [electorate of Melbourne]. Growing up he was a keen sportsman who enjoyed swimming, sailing, cycling and cricket. Cutler began his education at the Manly public school and gained admission to Sydney Boys High School at the age of After school he worked for the Texas Company Australasia later to become Texaco. He studied economics at Sydney University at night and later joined the public service.
In March , seeking extra money, he joined the Sydney University Regiment. On 10 November , he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the militia. For most conspicuous and sustained gallantry during the Syrian Campaign and for outstanding bravery during the bitter fighting at Merdjayoun when this Artillery Officer became a byword amongst forward troops with which he worked. At Merdjayoun on June 19th, , our Infantry attack was checked after suffering heavy casualties from an enemy counter attack with tanks.
Enemy machine gun fire swept the ground, but Lieutenant pressed a continuation of the attack. With another Artillery Officer and a small party he pushed on ahead of the Infantry and established an outpost in a house. The telephone line was cut and he went out and mended this line under machine gun fire and returned to the house from which the enemy post and battery were successfully engaged. The enemy then attacked this outpost with Infantry and tanks, killing Bren gunners and mortally wounding other Officers.
Lieutenant Cutler and another manned an anti-tank rifle and Bren gun and fought back driving the enemy infantry away. The tank continued to attack but under constant fire from the anti-tank rifle and Bren gun eventually withdrew. Lieutenant Cutler then personally supervised the evacuation of wounded members of his party. Undaunted he pressed for a further advance.
He had been ordered to establish an outpost from which he could register the only road by which enemy transport could enter the town. With a small party of volunteers he pressed on until finally with one other he succeeded in establishing an outpost right in the town which was occupied by the Foreign Legion, despite enemy machine gun fire which prevented our Infantry from advancing.
At this time Lieutenant Cutler knew that the enemy were massing on his left for counter attack and that he was in danger of being cut off. Nevertheless, he carried out his task of registering the battery on the road and engaging the enemy post. The enemy counter attacked with Infantry and tanks and he was cut off. He was forced to go to ground, but after dark succeeded in making his way back through enemy lines. On the night of June 23rdth he was in charge of a pounder sent forward into our forward defended locality to silence an enemy anti-tank gun and post which had held up our attack.
This he did and next morning the recapture of Merdjayoun was complete. Later at Damour on 6th July when our forward Infantry were pinned to the ground by heavy hostile machine gun fire, Lieutenant Cutler, regardless of all danger, went to bring a line to his outpost when he was seriously wounded. Twenty-six hours elapsed before it was possible to rescue this Officer, whose wound by this time had become septic, necessitating the amputation of his leg. After the war he was appointed as High Commissioner to New Zealand.
He married Helen Morris on 28 May While in New Zealand they had two sons, Roden and Anthony. Cutler then became ambassador to Ceylon where a third son, Richard, was born. When the Ceylon posting finished, Cutler was appointed head of Australia's legation to Egypt where he and Helen had another son, Mark. He was then knighted by Queen Elizabeth. Cutler retired from the governorship in , during his career he had been created a Knight of the Order of St John of Jerusalem, a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order and a Knight in the Order of Australia as well as being the recipient of many honorary degrees and holding positions on numerous boards.
His wife died in November and he remarried in April Cutler was regarded with affection by many Australians and in he was honoured as one of three Australian living Victoria Cross winners to be commemorated on a stamp and coin issue. He died in February Born: 7 August , Wellington, New Zealand. In he joined the New Zealand contingent to the South African War, serving as a sergeant in the Border Horse; he was wounded at least once. In Shout became a sergeant in the Cape Field Artillery.
With his wife and daughter Shout moved to Australia in , settled at Darlington, Sydney, and worked as a carpenter and joiner. He joined the 29th Infantry Regiment militia in and obtained his commission on 16 June He was well-known in rifle-shooting circles. For most conspicuous bravery at Lone Pine trenches, in the Gallipoli Peninsula. On the morning of the 9th August, , with a very small party, Captain Shout charged down trenches strongly occupied by the enemy, and personally threw four bombs among them, killing eight and routing the remainder.
In the afternoon of the same day, from the position gained in the morning he captured a further length of trench under similar conditions, and continued personally to bomb the enemy at close range under very heavy fire, until he was severely wounded, losing his right hand and left eye.
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This most gallant officer has since succumbed to his injuries. She was first informed he had died, then that he was wounded and returning to Australia, then, finally, that he had died of wounds. It is now displayed at Victoria Barracks Museum, Paddington. Place of burial or cremation: At sea. Olga deserted her husband and children about After taking various jobs, he joined the Australian Regular Army in January Five months later he was sent to Korea as reinforcement for the 3 rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment.
Next month he was promoted temporary sergeant. Enlistment dates: 15 March , 17 January and 2 May When one of his platoons became heavily engaged with the enemy, he led the remainder of his company to its assistance.
As the company moved forward, an Australian Warrant Officer commanding one of the platoons was seriously wounded and the assault began to falter. Warrant Officer Simpson, at great personal risk carried the Warrant Officer to safety. He then returned to his company where, with complete disregard for his safety, he crawled forward to within ten metres of the enemy and threw grenades into their positions. Warrant Officer Simpson quickly organised two platoons and led them to the position of the contact. Warrant Officer Simpson came under heavy fire. Disregarding his own safety, he moved forward in the face of accurate enemy machine gun fire, in order to cover the initial evacuation of casualties.
Realising the position was becoming untenable, Warrant Officer Simpson alone and still under enemy fire covered the withdrawal until the wounded were removed from the immediate vicinity. His conspicuous gallantry was in the highest tradition of the Australian Army. At times he was diffident in company, at others direct and blunt. He was tough, fit and dependable, but also rude, mischievous and exasperating. A proud, moral and compassionate man who was devoted to his wife, he was completely free of pretension and had simple material needs.
He was well read in tactics and military history, as indicated by his infantry skills.
His colourful language was legendary. He obtained an administrative post in the Australian Embassy, Tokyo. Born: 9 September , Napier, New Zealand. In he joined the administrative staff of the University of Sydney and next year enrolled as a law student.
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For most conspicuous bravery, leadership, and devotion to duty when in charge of a platoon in attack. On emerging from the wood, the enemy trench line was encountered, and Lt. Storkey found himself with six men. While continuing his move forward, a large party—about 80 to strong—armed with several machine guns, was noticed to be holding up the advance of the troops on the right.
Storkey immediately decided to attack this party from the flank and rear, and, while moving forward in the attack was joined by Lt. Lipscomb and four men. Under the leadership of Lt. Storkey, this small party of two officers and ten other ranks charged the enemy position with fixed bayonets, driving the enemy out, killing and wounding about thirty, and capturing three officers and fifty men, also one machine gun. The splendid courage shown by this officer in quickly deciding his course of action, and his skilful method of attacking against such great odds, removed a dangerous obstacle to the advance of the troops on the right, and inspired the remainder of our small party with the utmost confidence when advancing to the objective line.
Resuming his studies at the university, he graduated LLB in while holding an appointment as associate to Justice Sir Charles Wade. Admitted to the Bar on 8 June, Storkey practised in common law before being appointed to the New South Wales Department of Justice as crown prosecutor for the south-western circuit. He held this post for eighteen years. In May he became district court judge and chairman of quarter sessions in the northern district of New South Wales.
There he became an identity, making many friends and being recognized for his quick assessment of character and for his sound common sense. In he retired and went to England with his wife to live at Teddington, Middlesex, where he died without issue on 3 October His wife survived him. Storkey bequeathed his Victoria Cross to his old school at Napier. Died: 3 October , Teddington, United Kingdom. He was educated at Croydon Park and Burwood public schools, served an apprenticeship in bricklaying and was working as a builder when he enlisted as a private in the Australian Imperial Force on 3 June Seeing a party of the enemy were likely to outflank his battalion, Cpl.
Howell, on his own initiative, single handed and exposed to heavy bomb and rifle fire, climbed on to the top of the parapet, and proceeded to bomb the enemy, pressing them back along the trench. Having exhausted his stock of bombs, he continued to attack the enemy with his bayonet.
He was then severely wounded. The prompt action and gallant conduct of this NCO in the face of superior numbers was witnessed by the whole battalion, and greatly inspired them in the subsequent counter attack. His father and two brothers, one of whom was killed in action, served in France with the AIF.
Pty Ltd. In December he retired to Perth to join his married daughter and later lived at Gunyidi, Western Australia. Survived by one daughter, he died on 23 December in the Repatriation General Hospital, Hollywood, and was cremated with military honours after an Anglican service. His stay in the army was brief as, much to his surprise, he was accepted as a cadet in the Royal Australian Air Force on 15 July and sent to No. The Royal Air Force was seeking recently graduated officers such as Edwards; he and six others arrived in England and were granted short-service commissions on 21 August Edwards loved the club-like atmosphere of the pre-war RAF.
He soon became proficient on the new Blenheim bombers and was promoted to flying officer in May , but in August he flew into a cumulo-nimbus cloud and his aircraft iced up and went into an uncontrollable spin. He was critically injured and spent much of the following two years recovering, afraid that he would be unable to take part in World War II, which had broken out in September By sheer determination and constant pressure on the medical authorities, in April Edwards finally gained permission to resume flying.
Place of residence at time of enlistment: Fremantle, Western Australia [electorate of Fremantle]. Wing Commander Edwards, although handicapped by a physical disability resulting from a flying accident, has repeatedly displayed gallantry of the highest order in pressing home bombing attacks from very low heights against strongly defended objectives.
On 4th July, he led an important attack on the Port of Bremen, one of the most heavily defended towns in Germany. This attack had to be made in daylight and there were no clouds to afford concealment. During the approach to the German coast several enemy ships were sighted and Wing Commander - Edwards knew that his aircraft would be reported and that the defences would be in a state of readiness.
Undaunted by this misfortune he brought his formation 50 miles overland to the target, flying at a height of little more than 50 feet, passing under high-tension cables, carrying away telegraph wires and finally passing through a formidable balloon barrage. On reaching Bremen he was met with a hail of fire, all his aircraft being hit and four of them being destroyed.
Nevertheless he made a most successful attack, and then with the greatest skill and coolness withdrew the surviving aircraft without further loss. Throughout the execution of this operation which he had planned personally with full knowledge of the risks entailed, Wing Commander Edwards displayed the highest possible standard of gallantry and determination. He was engaged first in supporting the 14th Army in Burma and then, after being posted to Malaya and to Batavia Jakarta , in the rescue of prisoners of war and Dutch civilians from the troubled Netherlands East Indies.
Having been mentioned in despatches, he was appointed OBE He spent the following years flying jet aircraft and instructing. In he was posted to command the large RAF station at Habbaniyah, Iraq, which was besieged during a military coup in He acquitted himself well in a tense situation and withdrew the force without casualties. In October that year he was made commandant of the Central Fighter Establishment, West Raynham, Norfolk, as an acting air commodore substantive 1 July In he attended the Imperial Defence College, London.
Edwards took up a post in Sydney as resident director of a large mining firm, Australian Selection Pty Ltd. His wife died in On 7 January he was sworn in as governor of Western Australia. Impeded by chronic ill health, Sir Hughie resigned on 2 April and returned to Sydney. Survived by his wife, and by the son and daughter of his first marriage, he died suddenly of subdural haematoma after a fall on 5 August at Darling Point and was cremated.
The most highly decorated Australian of World War II, he had been respected by all with whom he came in contact and revered by those with whom he served. Son of Benjamin Keysor, a Jewish clock importer. The name was sometimes spelt Keyzor. He migrated to Sydney, where he found employment as a clerk, about three months before the outbreak of World War I.
For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty at Lone Pine trenches, in the Gallipoli Peninsula. On 7th August, , he was in a trench which was being heavily bombed by the enemy. He picked up two live bombs and threw them back at the enemy at great risk to his own life, and continued throwing bombs, although himself wounded, thereby saving a portion of the trench which it was most important to hold.
On 8th August, at the same place, Private Keysor successfully bombed the enemy out of a position, from which a temporary mastery over his own trench had been obtained, and was again wounded. Although marked for hospital, he declined to leave, and volunteered to throw bombs for another company which had lost its bomb throwers. He continued to bomb the enemy till the situation was relieved. In October Keysor, an uncompromising advocate of conscription, returned to Australia with other veterans and assisted in the recruiting campaign.
Discharged from the army as medically unfit on 12 December, he resumed clerical work but in he entered business in London. White-haired and deaf when interviewed in the s, he described himself as 'a common-or-garden clock importer' and remarked that 'the war was the only adventure I ever had'.
Keysor was rejected for military service in on medical grounds.
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He died in London of cancer on 12 October , survived by his wife and daughter, and was cremated after a memorial service at the Liberal Jewish Synagogue, St John's Wood. Died: 12 October , Paddington, United Kingdom. Born: 8 March , Ballarat, Victoria [electorate of Ballarat]. At Golden Point State School he was a very bright pupil. He left school at 15 to join the clerical staff of Snows, drapers at Ballarat.
He served under the compulsory training scheme as a cadet gaining the cadet rank of captain, Australian Military Forces, and in July was commissioned lieutenant in the militia with the 70th Infantry Ballarat Regiment. Place of residence at time of enlistment: Ballarat East, Victoria [electorate of Ballarat]. In the early morning the enemy made a determined counter attack on the centre of the newly captured trench held by Lieutenant Tubb, Corporals Burton and Dunstan, and a few men.
They advanced up a sap and blew in a sandbag barricade, leaving only one foot of it standing; but Lieutenant Tubb, with the two corporals, repulsed the enemy and rebuilt the barricade. Supported by strong bombing parties, the enemy twice again succeeded in blowing in the barricade; but on each occasion they were repulsed, and the barricade rebuilt, although Lieutenant Tubb was wounded in the head and arm, and Corporal Burton was killed by a bomb while most gallantly building up the parapet under a hail of bombs.
He was invalided to Australia and discharged on 1 February having been twice mentioned in dispatches. He then rejoined the Citizen Forces, serving in the rank of lieutenant as area officer, Ballarat, and acting brigade major, 18th Infantry Brigade. His army career concluded when he transferred to the 6th Infantry Battalion in Melbourne in , the unattached list in and the reserve of officers in , retiring as lieutenant. This was the occasion for an outburst of exceptional public fervour. Two sons and a daughter, all of whom served in World War II, were born of this marriage.
He gradually took over the administration of the Herald group as chief accountant, company secretary, and general manager from He was a considerate staff manager, conscientious and upright, with a gift for readily making friends in all walks of life. He was allowed a great deal of freedom in the administration of the Herald and was highly regarded in business, judicial and parliamentary circles. In the effect of his war wounds forced his resignation as general manager and he then became a director of the Herald and several other companies. He was a member of the Naval and Military, Australian, Athenaeum, the Royal Melbourne and Metropolitan golf, and the main racing clubs.
Survived by his wife and children, Dunstan died suddenly of coronary vascular disease on 2 March and was cremated after a funeral service at Christ Church, South Yarra, attended by over people including seven VC winners. Died: 2 March , Toorak, Victoria [electorate of Higgins]. For most conspicuous bravery during an attack on an enemy strong point. His own immediate objective was a position in advance of the hostile trench itself, after the capture of which it was intended that his men should co-operate in a further assault on a strong point further in rear.
Although wounded in the initial advance, he reached his first objective. Leading his men against the trench itself, he was again badly wounded and incapacitated for the moment. He nevertheless inspired and encouraged his men and captured the trench. Moon continued to lead his much diminished command in the general attack with the utmost valour, being again wounded, and the attack was successfully pressed home. During the consolidation of this position, this officer was again badly wounded, and it was only after this fourth and severe wound through the face that he consented to retire from the fight.
His bravery was magnificent and was largely instrumental in the successful issue against superior numbers, the safeguarding of the flank in attack, and the capture of many prisoners and machine guns. Died: 28 February , Whittington, Victoria [electorate of Corio]. Born: 8 January , Armadale, Victoria [electorate of Higgins]. At the outset of his career he preferred life in the bush and left the city for a job as caretaker on a farm at Boundary Bend by the Murray River.
Place of residence at time of enlistment: West Preston, Victoria [electorate of Batman]. In New Guinea, the Battalion to which Private Kingsbury belonged had been holding a position in the Isurava area for two days against continuous and fierce enemy attacks. On the 29th August, , the enemy attacked in such force that they succeeded in breaking through the Battalion's right flank, creating a serious threat both to the rest of the Battalion and to its Headquarters. To avoid the situation becoming more desperate, it was essential to regain immediately the lost ground on the right flank.
Private Kingsbury, who was one of the few survivors of a Platoon which had been over-run and severely cut about by the enemy, immediately volunteered to join a different platoon which had been ordered to counter-attack. He rushed forward firing his Bren Gun from the hip through terrific machine-gun fire and succeeded in clearing a path through the enemy. Continuing to sweep the enemy positions with his fire and inflicting an extremely high number of casualties on them, Private Kingsbury was then seen to fall to the ground shot dead, by the bullet from a sniper hiding in the wood.
Private Kingsbury displayed a complete disregard for his own safety. George - [I] Chris' great x7 maternal grandfather. Henry - [I] Chris' great x4 maternal grandfather. Henry - [I] Chris' great x2 maternal grandfather. Iris Elizabeth - [I] Image Chris' mother. Rose Alice - [I] Image Chris' maternal grandmother. Thomas - [I] Chris' great x6 maternal grandfather. Thomas - [I] Chris' great x5 maternal grandfather. Thomas - [I] Chris' great x3 maternal grandfather. Thomas - [I] Image Chris' great maternal grandfather. Hannah - [I] Chris' great x5 maternal grandmother. Margaret - [I15] Chris' great x2 paternal grandmother.
Elizabeth Jane - [I] Image Chris' great maternal grandmother. John - [I] Chris' great x2 maternal grandfather. John - [I] Chris' great x3 paternal grandfather. Mary Ann - [I4] Chris' great x2 paternal grandmother. Elizabeth - [I] Chris' great x7 maternal grandmother. Margaret - [I] Chris' great x2 paternal grandmother. Harriett Grace - [I] Image Lesley' paternal grandmother. Richard - [I3] Chris' great x2 paternal grandfather.
Susan Anna - [I1] Image Chris' great paternal grandmother. Elizabeth - [I] Chris' great x3 paternal grandfather. Anna - [I] Chris' great x3 paternal grandmother. Gertrude Australia - [I] Image Lesley' maternal grandmother. Elizabeth - [I] Chris' great x3 maternal grandmother. Mary - [I] Chris' great x4 maternal grandmother. Information associated with living people has been withheld. This site is a collation of information gathered from diverse sources not all researched.
As such it will inevitably have some incorrect information. Julia Elizabeth Lemon - [I]. Caroline - [I] Johann Ernest - [I].