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This trend is projected to occur even in regions where total precipitation is expected to decrease, such as the Southwest. NASA visualizations of future precipitation scenarios. These NASA visualizations show model projections of the precipitation changes from to as a percentage difference between the year precipitation averages and the average. Precipitation Measurement Missions. The official website for NASA's fleet of Earth science missions that study rainfall and other types precipitation around the globe.
Precipitation quiz. How much do you know about Earth's water cycle and the crucial role it plays in our climate? Droughts in the Southwest and heat waves periods of abnormally hot weather lasting days to weeks everywhere are projected to become more intense, and cold waves less intense everywhere. Summer temperatures are projected to continue rising, and a reduction of soil moisture, which exacerbates heat waves, is projected for much of the western and central U.
By the end of this century, what have been once-inyear extreme heat days one-day events are projected to occur every two or three years over most of the nation. West projected to be worst of millennium. Droughts in the Southwest and Central Plains of the United States in the second half of the 21st century could be drier and longer than anything humans have seen in those regions in the last 1, years, according to a NASA study published in Science Advances on February 12, The intensity, frequency and duration of North Atlantic hurricanes, as well as the frequency of the strongest Category 4 and 5 hurricanes, have all increased since the early s.
The relative contributions of human and natural causes to these increases are still uncertain. Hurricane-associated storm intensity and rainfall rates are projected to increase as the climate continues to warm. This video explains the findings of this study. Global sea level has risen by about 8 inches since reliable record keeping began in It is projected to rise another 1 to 4 feet by This is the result of added water from melting land ice and the expansion of seawater as it warms. In the next several decades, storm surges and high tides could combine with sea level rise and land subsidence to further increase flooding in many regions.
Ocean waters will therefore continue to warm and sea level will continue to rise for many centuries at rates equal to or higher than those of the current century. Sea level quiz. Test your knowledge of sea level rise and its effect on global populations. The Arctic Ocean is expected to become essentially ice free in summer before mid-century. An indicator of changes in the Arctic sea ice minimum over time. The choices we make today will determine the climate of the future.
Still need more information? Visit Greenpeace Fund , a nonprofit, c 3 charitable entity created to increase public awareness and understanding of environmental issues through research, the media and educational programs. Koch Charles G.
Climate Change: The Science. Burning fossil fuels releases more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, particularly carbon dioxide. While not the most potent greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide is by far the most emitted by human activities.