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Gott, Deutschland und Frankreich. The postal checking system or public opinion in Alsace-Moselle between war and peace. Alsace-Lorraine-born residents in the Weimar republic: a nostalgic vision of the Heimat or a sharp criticism of the French policy in Alsace-Lorraine? Alsatian MPs returning to the Palais Bourbon, torn between the commitments to the French homeland and the defense of the particularities of their native Alsace.

General Taufflieb Strasbourg - Cannes and the comeback to France. The destruction of bell towers. Historic monuments being part of the French heritage again: what was at stake? The torture on the wheel of St George: the medieval seal of Molsheim placed in perspective. Assessing how well an aristocratic non Alsatian elite could be established in Strasbourg. The example of the canons of the cathedral of Strasbourg chapter, as seen through their comfortable living conditions Le Haut-Andlau.

Kraemer Charles et Koch Jacky dir. Having indulged in promiscuity in his youth, he contracted chronic hepatitis and now fears that he will pass it on to his children. Equality—that is the foundation of family life, he thinks. On the road to Khotilovo, the hero is visited by thoughts about the injustice of exploiting immigrant labor. Only he who works the land or builds houses has a right to them.

In Torzhk the hero meets a man, on his way to Moscow with a letter about allowing an independent Internet portal to function again, free from censorship. In the village of Gorodnya army conscriptions are taking place, which is the reason behind the weeping among the thronging crowd.

Mothers, sisters, brides are crying, seeing off their awkward and sickly youth. But not everyone is dissatisfied with his fate. Some of the young men, the healthiest, smirk insolently behind lowered BMW windows. The army is no threat to them. Others, with the rabid gaze of thugs, are happy to escape their problems with the law and the tedium of village life. In Peshki the hero contemplates an ordinary residential house and is amazed by the poverty that reigns here.

A housewife asks him for a packet of Rollton instant soup to feed her child. Look at the children of the residents for whom you are responsible. They are practically naked. The Journey from St. The hero alludes to the fact that this book was given to him by someone from Lomonosov University, with whom he had lunch in Tver. In his book Luzhkov focuses mainly on the topic of the global crisis. The author sets himself a bold task: to determine where the origins of the crisis lie, and to find the path by which Russia can escape from it with minimal losses.

Language rages in its tenacity to break through to reality—for today at last, it seems, there are no more barriers left against it: in tweets from the squares, SMS-es from police vans, re-posts of the hottest news, wiki-leaks, letters against and letters in support—this here is life as it is—naked facts, numbers, tables, info-graphics—maximally effective and useful language.


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For words are the one thing that we produce ourselves. But the aforementioned bloggers, who have operated with only words for a long time already, appear to continue unifying and dividing the elements of nature in their production activity, likening language to wood, and the word to the axe. And all these aforementioned tweets and posts are expressions in the public sphere of language, which means that they are already to a varying degree political and literary expressions. But the main thing is that they are capable of circulating without their accompanying author, as blocks of speech—quasibodies—addressing every person they encounter on equal terms, declassifying old hierarchies and simultaneously forming accidental communities, declaring themselves collectives, which with the help of these acts of socialized discourse transform the existing allocated roles, territories, and languages.

But in distinction from real half-fabricated products, the consumption of ideas, affects, and knowledge brings with it the infinite expansion of language and thought, multiplying social and cultural practices. It would seem that the process of post-Fordian labor coincides with its result, that is, the result is not objectified into a product. Paradoxically, intellectual labor produces immaterial, linguistic wares that often do not correspond to the real world at all.

The media vehicles of this kind of labor have been degraded to the point of being indistinguishable to the naked eye. Their mediation is less and less visible but for all that, no less significant. Our gaze slides across the surface of the monitor, words and letters appear and disappear, leaving behind no trace, leaving ephemerality.

Numéros en texte intégral

That very reality, to whose height of effervescence we just ascended, dissolves, not even leaving us with the signifier by means of which it was just subdued. Again the blank page. But only for an instant. To be immediately filled up with life, as it really is.

4e Histoire / La IIIe République jusqu'en 1914

The main thing is not to stop, not to resist the flow. To live means to communicate. The form is the message. There are no noises in the communication channel. Interference must be eliminated. That boundless network of communication, the additional value of which—be it idea or knowledge—is instantly estranged in favor of the proprietor of the given network. But what can poetry do, whose communicative function in fact gravitates to a minimum?

Is it possible that its destiny is to occasionally jump out from the curb of history and to poke sticks into the wheels of the cart of communication? Or is poetry in essence the temple of language, which can be built apart from the noise of time? Nothing purely poetic—that you could touch and say, yes, this belongs to poetry and to nothing else—exists. The substance of poetry is the very redundancy of the communication, its critical mass, tearing itself up from within and falling into the residue of a new form. But above all, their slippage and new assembly take place in the impersonal medium of language cf.

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Poetry senses these gaps and closures in meaning from afar like nothing else. Every lexicon and any phonetics are already nothing but shadows. But the word in its true form always only grazes us. It is that which we are still hoping to say; that which we stubbornly try to hear through the depreciating signs.

Only then will existence be manifested as such. To make the journey from form, as a formal search, to method, endowing that search with necessity, conditioned by the impossibility of speaking as before. After all, anything new that is coming into being has to be described in old language, and only the method—that protocol of the rupture between new and old ways of being—has as its poetic task to give name to those feelings, emotions, and practices that obstinately demand life.

The success of the poetic task is by no means guaranteed—the new world is by no means bound to demand precisely these words and not others or make any demands at all of the poet. The dream inside the poet is encapsulating—it totalizes and leads to catastrophe—but dreams drawn out from the body of the poet, found on the other side of signification, are dream-concepts that possess dis-embodied, deconstructive qualities.

The Conceptualists Lev Rubinshtein and Dmitry Prigov thus deconstructed late Soviet ideology: the first washed away all the dream elements, leaving the naked signs to witness their absolute constructedness, while the second in contrast saturated all known space with dreams, which as a result ceased to carry the meaning prescribed by ideology. In the words of Gilbert Simondon, individuation is never completed: the subject is always the struggle of the individualized with the pre-individualized, the singular with the anonymous-universal.

Only by distancing himself from the expression, erasing his traces from the word, renouncing his legal paternity, does the poet offer a form of expression for the new experience, allowing everyone the possibility of sharing that experience and the full range of sensory experiences associated with it. The word ceases to be only the representative agent of a defective action, while the action ceases to be merely an impulse, a motive for the word. One could argue that the poet, taking on himself tasks that are external to poetry, by that very means betrays her very essence—to strengthen the palpability of signs, concentrating attention on the message as such.

But we clarified above that not allowing a dream to enter you does not mean chasing dreams out of your poetry. After all, every thought is the performative of thought, any experience at first takes on form only through expression. This operative writer gives us a convincing example of the functional dependence between correct political tendencies and progressive literary technique that exists under all circumstances. His mission is not to inform, but to fight; not to play to the public, but to actively engage it in battle. He realizes his mission with the aid of insights, which he procures through his activities.

By defending and arguing, the poet comes to occupy a place from which it is possible to survey the borders and discover zones free of the reigning ideologies. If it is necessary, he will penetrate those ideologies and destroy the smoothness of their images and illusions, purveyed by the normalizing instantiations of the language of power, education, and mass media. This means that my language is operational, transitively linked to its object; between the tree and myself, there is nothing but my labor, that is to say, an action. Connection and separation—those are the only elements that the human mind detects when analyzing the idea of the production Unlike in modern thought, his words were considered great not because they expressed great thoughts.

Quite the contrary. The hero must without fail be capable of noble words at a crucial time, just as of courageous actions. I am grateful to it for the fact that it once and for all put an end to spiritual security and a livelihood based in cultural revenue. Like many others, I feel indebted to the revolution, but bring her gifts that she does not need. Political writing makes every effort to encourage people to certain actions, giving them certain motives for action.

In this sense, language is only a means to spread more or less suggestive motifs that guide those in whose souls they act. It is characteristic for this point of view that the relation of language to action, in which the first is not a means for the second, is not taken into account at all.

A similar relationship exists as if for the weak in language and writing, brought down to a conventional means, just as for the miserable flawed act, whose source is not in itself, but in some motives that may be spoken or expressed. But, no matter in what manifold forms language might detect its impact, it will do so not through the transference of content, but the purest self-disclosure of its dignity and identity. My understanding of the subject and at the same time of politically important style and writing is this: to go towards what is denied to the word; only in the ineffable, absolute night where that sphere of muteness between word and incentive deed opens, can the magic spark run, and their unity lies, equally real.

Media aesthetical research. The first without the second results in pop or propaganda, the second without the first—in a speculative, unfeeling product. In art, the artist may be unselfconscious, revolting, or even reactionary—this is normal, because he directly, honestly, and spontaneously expresses his emotions. In politics, he tries to put this knowledge about himself and the world into action, so that it all eventually serves absolutely conscious goals: knowledge, enlightenment, and liberation. Mais il ne faut pas s'y tromper. Research on American artists studying in France has tended to represent three modes of inquiry.

But what is left out by these lines of inquiry? What happens if we look beyond questions of artistic influence in the city and the country and beyond the careers of the big three? If, in addition, we consider the influx of American artists studying and working in France as a cultural practice, with implications on the construction of national identities, what kind of picture emerges?

The voices and artistic production of US artists who went to Paris for briefer periods of study, who intended to return to the United States, and who did not circulate as comfortably in international society are telling of larger narratives at work. Since Cassatt, Sargent, and Whistler were multi-lingual and integrated into cosmopolitan art networks, they do not typify US art practice in France in the period.

Yet their histories do at times reinforce larger trends in constructions of American identity in France. Furthermore, if we broaden the picture still further to take into account the thousands of US tourists who visited Paris, students of subjects other than art, and numerous writers, we can begin to address questions of the larger cultural discourse incited by this practice of travel.

The archives of American artistic production, letters, journals, and their contemporary circles in France can be brought into dialogue with published primary sources in magazines, books, newspapers and periodicals and with secondary research on American culture in an international context to arrive at a more comprehensive and inclusive analysis of the stereotypes around American art practice in France during the period. Indeed, both American artists and Wild West performers made an impact on French perceptions about American culture.

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By drawing together from this range of sources, one can more fully understand the mechanisms of building cultural stereotypes. Analyzing two image-text pairings discloses shifts in the cultural constructions of American identity during the second half of the nineteenth century. Depictions of American shifted in this international context. Twain mocks his narrator in Paris whose breath is taken away most by the sight of an American flag hanging in front of a house. The main figure is displayed as uncouth with his arms and legs sprawled almost as though he is off-balance.

His eyebrows are raised, enhancing his wide-eyed, open-mouthed facial expression. Indeed, what emerges when we look beyond the often self-assured cosmopolitan circulation of Cassatt, Sargent, and Whistler is a larger identity construction that frequently performed cultural innocence. American artists, writers, and travelers sought to turn the liability of lacking a culture and tradition into an asset of allowing for unencumbered experience and being unaffected by the weight of history.

In the context of the thousands of American art students who sought study in France between the end of the Civil War and the start of World War I alongside many other American travelers abroad, constructions of American cultural belatedness became a dominant discourse through performances of innocence.

When enacted by Americans in France, this kind of character construction led Gilbert Parker , a Canadian critic for the London Independent , to suggest in that the best place to understand American culture was not in the United States, but, rather, in Paris. Is torture ever justified?

Do we need to suspend human rights in order to fight terrorism? Is multi-culturalism the answer to communal conflict? Are terrorists responding to concrete U. Liberal intellectuals and political leaders have been slow to articulate a grand strategy informed by liberal values for confronting these issues surrounding global terrorism.

Emigration from Iraq has been occurring since the s. The Iran-Iraq War, Gulf War and the subsequent international sanctions placed on the Iraqi regime have all produced waves of emigration. After US occupation of Iraq, however, and particularly since , the country has witnessed unprecedented levels of out-migration. Since the US led war on Iraq in , massive numbers of Iraqis have been displaced from their homes causing the largest influx of refugees into the region. The situation of Iraqi refugees in Syria, Jordan and Lebanon has received the attention of academics.

In comparison, the picture of Iraqis in Egypt has remained obscure. This report sheds light on the situation of Iraqis living in Egypt. It answers questions related to numbers of Iraqis, reasons for choosing Egypt, patterns of flight, and the current situation and social networks of this population. From its very beginning, legal informatics was mostly limited to the study of legal databases, but very early on, the Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques ITTIG started being involved with the specific topic of the Jurix conference, namely knowledge-based systems.

This book includes programmatic papers with precise accounts of applications and prototypes. In many domains the focus has changed. For instance, research in retrieval has moved from classical boolean systems into the management of documents in the Web. It addresses in particular standards and methods for embedding machine readable information into such documents and search methods that deal with heterogeneous information. Similarly, with regard to legal concepts, the focus has moved from thesauri to ontologies or to techniques for the automatic extraction of concepts from natural language texts.

In the domain of legal reasoning merely deductive inferences have been expanded with models of legal argumentation, dialogue and mediation. The conference Logica, informatica e diritto and Jurix share the connection between theoretical models and the development of applications and prototypes. However, while in one could mostly see a juxtaposition of papers in legal theory and papers in computer applications, in we can see how discussions of issues in legal theory are embedded within contributions to legal informatics. This shows how research in legal informatics is increasingly becoming an autonomous domain of scientific inquiry by creatively incorporating and developing knowledge and methods from the two disciplines from which it originates legal theory and computer science , while preserving links with them.

This unique collection of essays provides an overview of the problems at the heart of providing access to justice in international law. It covers diverse subjects including environmental justice, situations of armed conflict, and access to justice for torture victims and terrorist suspects.

It examines European state protection of access to justice in comparative perspective. In international law, as in any other legal system, respect and protection of human rights can be guaranteed only by the availability of effective judicial remedies. When a right is violated or damage is caused, access to justice is of fundamental importance for the injured individual and it is an essential component of the rule of law.

Yet, access to justice as a human right remains problematic in international law. First, because individual access to international justice remains exceptional and based on specific treaty arrangements, rather than on general principles of international law; second, because even when such right is guaranteed as a matter of treaty obligation, other norms or doctrines of international law may effectively impede its exercise, as in the case of sovereign immunity or non reviewability of UN Security Council measures directly affecting individuals.

Further, even access to domestic legal remedies is suffering because of the constraints put by security threats, such as terrorism, on the full protection of freedom and human rights. Il diritto di accesso alla giustizia nel diritto internazionale generale. Accesso alla giustizia e protezione diplomatica. Il diritto della vittima di accedere alla giustizia internazionale penale. Access to Justice for Minority Groups.

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Accesso alla giustizia per i migranti a rischio di violazione dei diritti fondamentali. Accesso alla giustizia ed assistenza consolare. Aree coperte dalle linee guida OCSE sulle imprese multinazionali. Norme non self-executing in materia di diritti umani e diritto umanitario e violazione del diritto di accesso alla giustizia nella recente prassi statunitense.

Access to Justice for Torture Victims. Extract from the table of contents. The Convention establishes a system of identification, presentation, and registration in an international List of cultural properties and natural sites of outstanding universal value. What is the relationship between culture and human rights?

If we accept such compatibility, what is the actual content of cultural rights? Who are their beneficiaries: individuals, or peoples or groups as collective entities? And what precise obligations do cultural rights pose upon states or other actors in international law, or for the international community as a whole?

International instruments on the protection of human rights do not provide self-evident answers to these questions. This book seeks to analyse these dilemmas and to assess the impact that they are having on international law and the development of a coherent category of cultural human rights. Service Quality Regulation in Electricity Distribution and Retail provides a guide for regulatory authorities and postgraduate students alike, accompanying readers through the necessary steps for designing and implementing regulatory policy. It builds a bridge between the theoretical aspects of service quality regulation and country-specific applied mechanisms.

The book offers examples as provided by regulatory authorities including some not often available in the English language , and suggests best practices as elaborated by a number of international regulatory organizations. The book is a comprehensive, clear, well-organized description of applied quality regulation in the electricity sector as it is, today. Advanced readers will also appreciate its survey of the most innovative regulatory mechanisms currently being employed and tested in European countries, as well as those that have been proposed in the literature.

The Epilogue delves into the controversial Treaty of Lisbon debate after Irish voters decisively rejected the treaty in June Is this just another crisis to affect the European integration process or is it something bigger? Where did the Irish government go wrong with Lisbon? How can they get it right? The book attempts to offer timely suggestions to practitioners and the general public. This book is an exploration in policy development and formation in a country on the verge of massive economic and political, if not social, change.

The history of European terrorism as a transnational phenomenon in the long twentieth century remains a surprisingly understudied field of historical research. In both cases, accounts written by political scientists numerically far outweigh those written by historians. The realisation of a European internal market for energy is still a work in progress.


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Written by leading European scholars and discussed with major energy stakeholders, this book presents a thorough analysis of the motives and methods needed to achieve a single European energy market. The authors discuss the critical issues surrounding an internal European energy market including: market design, competition and market power, sustainable energy versus the market, regulation and harmonisation, benchmarking and indicators, modelling of competition, market prices and energy forecasts. The book will also appeal to national and European energy administrations, regulatory bodies and policy makers providing a synthesis of all relevant policy issues.

This book brings together the law in Macau relating to business activities. The reader will find a wide variety of topics covered, with solid introductions to the conceptual frameworks and concise expositions of their regulation. The book focuses on a number of areas of private law: general theory of civil law, the law of obligations in general and contracts in particular, property law, and commercial law.

This is the first publication providing an extended account of the matters covered in the Civil and in the Commercial Code. It also covers the legal transformations and continuities arising from the resumption of sovereignty by China in This book fulfils the pressing need for written information about the Macau legal system in English, and will be an essential reference for those who do not master any of the official languages of Macau.

It examines the profound changes in the European political landscape over the last three decades, including the fall of Communism; progressive European integration; territorial restructuring; public sector reforms at European, national, regional and local levels; changes in democratic participation, protest, elections, political communication, political parties and party competition; and challenges to the welfare state. The book also discusses how political science has responded to these changes in terms of its substantive focus, concepts, methods and theories.

Many of the 17 contributions included identify important challenges for the future, including those stemming from EU integration, the reduced electoral accountability of politicians, the problematic legitimation of party government and the sharpening of the edges of the state. Contributors include K. Anderson, F. Castles, C. Crouch, M.


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Ferrera, H. Goetz, L. Hooghe, E. Immergut, R. Inglehart, M. Keating, H. Klingemann H. Kriesi, M. Lodge, J. Lovenduski, P. Mair, G. Marks, Y. Morlino, H. Obinger, V. Schmidt, P. Schmitter, and G. This book offers the first comprehensive assessment of the various internal and external measures undertaken by the European Union to guarantee security of oil and gas supply.

It sets out and analyzes in a coherent and thorough manner those aspects of EU external policy that are relevant in establishing a framework for guaranteeing energy security for the Union. What makes the book unique is that it is the first of its kind to bridge the gap between EU energy and EU external policy.

The book discusses EU policy towards the major oil and gas producing countries of Russia, the Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf at the bilateral as well as regional and multilateral level. It brings together not only the dimensions of trade and investment but also other important aspects of external policy, namely development and foreign policy.

The book will be a valuable resource for students of EU law, WTO law or international energy law, as well as scholars and practitioners dealing with energy issues. Building on the influential Varieties of Capitalism VoC perspective, first elaborated in detail in the book Varieties of Capitalism OUP, , this book critically analyzes these developments in the European political economy and their effects on the continental European economies. Leading political economists from Europe and the US debate how VoC can help understand the political-economic challenges that Europe is facing today and how understanding these new challenges can in turn enrich and enhance the VoC perspective.

Thematically, the contributions to this volume are organised into four thematic sections: how the macro-economics of EMU influenced different European models of capitalism, how the Single Market programme was received in the different institutional regimes in European capitalism, how welfare and labour market reforms are debated and implemented, how European capitalism travelled east after Preceding this is a spirited defence of the VoC approach by Peter Hall, and an introduction from the volume editors, considering the approach, and proposing extensions and amendments.

This book demonstrates that the VoC approach remains, as the editors put it in their introduction, a rich seam to mine, capable of accommodating new developments, and theoretically flexible enough to branch out into new arguments. Book jacket. This book examines the impact of international trade rules on the promotion and protection of human rights, and explains why human rights are an important mechanism for assessing the social justice impact of the international trading system.

The core of the book is an in depth analysis of the impact of international trade law rules on the protection and promotion of human rights, emphasising the significance of the jurisdictional context in which the human rights issues arise: coercive measures that are taken by one country to protect and promote human rights in another country are distinguished from measures taken by a country to protect and promote the human rights of its own population.

The author contends that international trade law rules have utilised certain ad hoc mechanisms to deal with particularly pressing human rights concerns in the trade context, but also argues that these mechanisms do not provide systemic solutions to the inter-linkages between the two legal systems. The author therefore examines mechanisms by which human rights arguments could be more appropriately raised and adjudicated upon in WTO dispute settlement proceedings.

He concludes by considering broader systemic issues outside the dispute settlement process that need to be addressed if trade law rules are to successfully protect and promote human rights. Seit dem Ende des Mizon, to celebrate his major contributions to econometrics, and in particular, to the development of the theory of encompassing and testing non-nested hypotheses.

Grayham has advanced numerous other areas in econometrics, including model selection and progressive research strategies, panel data and time-series analyses, simulation and Monte Carlo methods, forecast evaluation and economic policy analysis, and exogeneity, as well as encompassing. In addition to the formulation and implementation of new estimators and test statistics, he has contributed to the substantive application of new econometric tools, developing empirical models and policy analyses for both developed and transition economies, investigating consumption, employment and output, wage and price inflation, and relative prices.

How and why do institutions change? Institutions, understood as rules of behaviour constraining and facilitating social interaction, are subject to different forms and processes of change. A change may be designed intentionally on a large scale and then be followed by a period of only incremental adjustments to new conditions. But institutions may also emerge as informal rules, persist for a long time and only be formalized later. The causes, processes and outcomes of institutional change raise a number of conceptual, theoretical and empirical questions.

While we know a lot about the creation of institutions, relatively little research has been conducted about their transformation once they have been put into place. Attention has focused on politically salient events of change, such as the Intergovernmental Conferences of Treaty reform. In focussing on such grand events, we overlook inconspicuous changes of European institutional rules that are occurring on a daily basis.

Thus, the European Parliament has gradually acquired a right of investing individual Commissioners. This has never been an issue in the negotiations of formal treaty revisions. Or, the decision-making rule s under which the European Parliament participates in the legislative process have drastically changed over the last decades starting from a modest consultation ending up with codecision. The book discusses various theories accounting for long-term institutional change and explores them on the basis of five important institutional rules in the European Union.

If different economies are characterized by distinct institutional arrangements — successful firms would be the ones that exploit their comparative advantages and specialize in the competitive strategies facilitated by national institutions. The book begins with an assessment of how many pharmaceutical firms in Germany, Italy, and the UK pursue strategies facilitated by national institutions governing financial markets, antitrust activities, and the labour market.

Quantitative analyses reveal that deviant firms, competing through institutionally unsupported strategies, outnumber conforming firms by far. Not only does this finding run counter to the expectations of the competitiveness literature, it brings up a whole new line of inquiry. How can firms compete through strategies that are not supported by national institutions?

To address this question, the book combines quantitative analyses with qualitative insights, showing that firms do not necessarily exploit comparative institutional advantages, but that they can successfully circumvent institutional constraints. International markets and individual collaboration on a contractual basis allow firms to compete despite comparative institutional disadvantages. These findings suggest that trade liberalization tends to foster strategy diversification rather than strategy specialization, depending on the inventiveness of entrepreneurs in developing individual approaches toward competing.

Social differences in health and mortality constitute a persistent finding in epidemiological, demographic, and sociological research. This topic is increasingly discussed in the political debate and is among the most urgent public health issues. However, it is still unknown if socioeconomic mortality differences increase or decrease with age. This book provides a comprehensive, thoughtful and critical discussion of all aspects involved in the relationship between socioeconomic status, health and mortality.

In a wellwritten language, it synthesizes the sociological theory of social inequality and an empirical study of mortality differences that has been performed at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research Rostock, Germany. The best available datasets from Denmark and the USA, as two very different countries, are used to analyze the age pattern of social mortality differences, the Danish register data covering the whole Danish population between and This study is the most comprehensive analysis of socioeconomic mortality differences in the literature, in terms of data quantity, quality, and the statistical method of event-history modeling.

It makes important new theoretical and empirical contributions. With a new method it also addresses the question whether the measurement of social mortality differences in old age so far has been biased by mortality selection due to unobserved heterogeneity. This book signifies an important step forward in theory, empirical data analysis and methodology and an advancement for many disciplines involved in the subject of socioeconomic differences in old age mortality.

For over a century it has been the case that a person exists, at least for legal purposes, only after she has been recognized by the state. As a unique element of this acknowledgement, nationality has also been an essential component of individual identity. Now, under pressure from a variety of directions, the nature of the link between state and individual is changing, with as yet unclear implications and long-term effects. The purpose of the Journal is to provide a publication venue and an academic forum for the study of Albanian politics and society.

AJP seeks to provide political insight on important problems as it emerges from rigorous, broad-based research and integrative thought. Harold James examines the vulnerability and fragility of processes of globalization, both historically and in the present. This book applies lessons from past breakdowns of globalization—above all in the Great Depression—to show how financial crises provoke backlashes against global integration: against the mobility of capital or goods, but also against flows of migration.

By a parallel examination of the financial panics of and as well as that of , he shows how banking and monetary collapses suddenly and radically alter the rules of engagement for every other type of economic activity. Increased calls for state action in countercyclical fiscal policy bring demands for trade protection.

Fascisme et République

In the open economy of the twenty-first century, such calls are only viable in very large states—probably only in the United States and China. By contrast, in smaller countries demand trickles out of the national container, creating jobs in other countries. The international community is thus paralyzed, and international institutions are challenged by conflicts of interest. The book shows the looming psychological and material consequences of an interconnected world for people and the institutions they create.

Traditional international law aims to protect the values and interests of states. The rapidly increasing corpus of international human rights law including international humanitarian law and international criminal law increasingly challenges the basic tenets of general international law.

In order to become accepted as the law of the world community, general international law needs to better reflect the values and interests of a wider range of actors, including the individual. This volume provides the first comprehensive examination of the impact of international human rights law on general international law. It considers areas including the structure of international obligations, the formation of customary international law, treaty law, immunities, state responsibility and diplomatic protection.

The authors trace the extent to which concepts emanating from international human rights law are being incorporated by the guardians of traditional international law: the International Court of Justice and the International Law Commission. An unrivalled collection of essays by the finest scholars in the field from Ukraine, Russia, USA, Germany, Austria and Canada, superbly written to a high academic standard. The various chapters are methodologically innovative and thought-provoking. The biggest Eastern European country has ancient roots but also the birth pangs of a new autonomous state. Its historiography is characterized by animated debates, in which this book takes a definite stance.

The history of Ukraine is not written here as a linear, teleological narrative of ethnic Ukrainians but as a multicultural, multidimensional history of a diversity of cultures, religious denominations, languages, ethical norms, and historical experience. After three hundred years, the Anglo-Scottish Union is in serious difficulty. This is not because of a profound cultural divide between England and Scotland but because recent decades have seen the rebuilding of Scotland as a political community while the ideology and practices of the old unionism have atrophied.

Yet while Britishness is in decline, it has not been replaced by a dominant ideology of Scottish independence. Rather Scots are looking to renegotiate union to find a new place in the Isles, in Europe and in the world. There are few legal, constitutional or political obstacles to Scottish independence, but an independent Scotland would need to forge a new social and economic project as a small nation in the global market-place, and there has been little serious thinking about the implications of this. Short of independence, there is a range of constitutional options for renegotiating the Union to allow more Scottish self-government on the lines that public opinion seems to favour.

The limits are posed not by constitutional principles but by the unwillingness of English opinion to abandon their unitary conception of the state. The end of the United Kingdom may be provoked, not by Scottish nationalism but by English unionism. Volumul este o lucrare de referinta in domeniul stiintelor politice europene. Autorul prezinta evolutia si diferitele manifestari ale regionalismului european si defineste regiunile ca fiind noi actori pe scena europeana si internationala.

Volumul descrie si explica astfel fenomenul teritorial modern de guvernare pe mai multe niveluri, care presupune implicarea actorilor de la nivel european, national, regional si local in procesul decizional. Numeroase concepte sunt astfel definite si exemplificate precum descentralizarea, devolutia, regionalizarea, regionalismul sau guvernarea. Volumul are o valoare adaugata prin prezentarea atit a conceptelor teoretice din domeniu, cit si a unor experiente teritoriale concrete ale diferitelor state europene precum Belgia, Franta, Marea Britanie, Italia si Spania. A revolutionary new textbook introducing masters and doctoral students to the major research approaches and methodologies in the social sciences.

Written by an outstanding set of scholars, and derived from successful course teaching, this volume will empower students to choose their own approach to research, to justify this approach, and to situate it within the discipline. It addresses questions of ontology, epistemology and philosophy of social science, and proceeds to issues of methodology and research design essential for producing a good research proposal. It also introduces researchers to the main issues of debate and contention in the methodology of social sciences, identifying commonalities, historic continuities and genuine differences.

KOCH Christian ed. The relationship between the member states of the European Union EU and those of the Gulf Cooperation Council GCC is multifaceted and has over the years taken on a number of different dimensions. With security issues such as those related to terrorism, the US-led invasion of Iraq and its aftermath, and concern over a potential Iranian nuclear program coming to the forefront, ties between the EU and the GCC have taken on a security component that up to this stage remains largely undefined and understudied.

The collection of papers included in this volume highlight many of the different salient issues playing a role on the security front and put forward perspectives under which this new dimension in relations can be better understood. This includes an attempt to move from the currently still vague and largely theoretical notions of GCC-EU security cooperation into more policy applicable and relevant approaches that build on past European experiences.

EU GCC Relations and Security Issues extends empirical insight into various aspects of the European approach to the region from a security-based perspective, provides a comparative context into which it becomes possible to frame a more solid base for understanding European policy in the region, and through the use of case examples illustrates how the present cooperation can be expanded and improved upon. Deutsche, englische, amerikanische und italienische Wissenschaftlerinnen, Wissenschaftler und Praktiker zeigen hier neue Befunde und Sichtweisen aus der Geschichtswissenschaft, Politologie, Psychologie, Soziologie und der zivilgesellschaftlichen Praxis auf.

This book, written by an academic-cum-practitioner with substantial experience in the field of antitrust enforcement, presents the rise of private enforcement of competition law in Europe, especially in the context of the recent modernisation and decentralisation of EC competition law enforcement.

In particular, the study examines the role of courts in the application of the EC competition rules and views that role in the broader system of antitrust enforcement. The author describes the current post-decentralisation state of affairs but also refers to the latest proposals to enhance private antitrust enforcement in Europe both at the Community level, where reference is made to the December Commission Green Paper on Damages Actions and its aftermath, and at the national level, where reference is made to recent and forthcoming relevant initiatives.

This book explores the forces pushing America away from its democratic friends and neighbors. It examines the underlying forces shaping the democratic states of the West. Individual chapters pose questions such as: Why is religion so powerful in America? How will the flow of immigration shape politics across the West? How is the media changing in Europe and America? And, finally, what do these competing forces portend for the future of the transatlantic relationship?