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Course Instructors

Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subscribe Search My Account Login. Abstract THIS is the fourth edition of a work which is based on lectures given to students of medicine. Rent or Buy article Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube. Rights and permissions Reprints and Permissions. Comments By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. Article Tools. Article metrics Citations 0. Altmetric 0. More details Article metrics. Learning will be facilitated using an approach that includes lectures, laboratory practicals, independent learning and small groups.

Whilst the programme will be academically rigorous, there will be support from Personal Academic Mentors who are dedicated to helping you succeed in your studies and future career in science and medicine. This course offers some modules taught through the medium of Welsh or bilingually for students who consider themselves to be fluent Welsh speakers. For more details on the provision available see the Welsh Provision expander below.

Medical Biochemistry Principles For Medical Students

There are opportunities for Welsh speakers to study this subject through the medium of Welsh and our dedicated academy, Academi Hywel Teifi , is here to support you throughout your time at Swansea University. We offer you:. To see further details about the level of provision delivered in Welsh on this particular degree scheme, please see the Welsh-language course page for further information.

Medical Biochemistry students will be taught by a range of world leading researchers based at the Medical School, giving you unrivalled access to teaching on our latest Medical Biochemistry research. You can find further information of your fee costs on our tuition fees page. You may be eligible for funding to help support your study.

To find out about scholarships, bursaries and other funding opportunities that are available please visit the University's scholarships and bursaries page. Current students: You can find further information of your fee costs on our tuition fees page. Academi Hywel Teifi at Swansea University and the Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol offer a number of generous scholarships and bursaries for students who wish to study through the medium of Welsh or bilingually. For further information about the opportunities available to you, visit the Academi Hywel Teifi Scholarships and Bursaries page.

Careers and Employability Swansea Employability Academy SEA will support you at each stage of your career journey helping you build a bright future. We also provide help and advice for Swansea University Alumni up to two years after you graduate. As well as subject specific support by college teaching staff and your personal academic mentor, the Centre for Academic Success provides courses, workshops and one-to-one support in areas such as:. In addition, if you have a Specific Learning Difficulty SpLD , disability, mental health or medical condition, the Centre for Academic Success have Specialist Tutors to support your learning, working alongside the Disability Office and Wellbeing Service to support all your needs and requirements whilst studying at Swansea University.

Personal Academic Mentors are your first point of contact while studying at the Medical School and can provide assistance and guidance on a range of issues that may affect your wellbeing, attendance and educational progress. Personal Academic Mentors may also help with your personal development planning and careers advice. Your mentor may also direct you to Welfare and other support services as appropriate.

Our Student Life Officer focuses on student support and identifying students who may need to be referred on the services both within and outside of the University, and working with these students to put a plan in place to manage their welfare. This officer is trained to recognise signs of domestic abuse, hate crimes through to dealing with homesickness and any other pastoral issues.

Medical Biochemistry/Clinical Biochemistry BSc/MSci

Our team of administrators and student information co-ordinators are on hand to support with your academic queries and signpost you to additional services where required. Your degree programme may already give you an option to study or work abroad but in addition to this you can also consider an international summer programme.

These programmes are open to all our undergraduate students and include culture and study tours, volunteering programmes and internships across destinations such as China, Zambia, South Korea, Japan, Europe and Canada. Programmes are typically 2 — 6 weeks long and funding is available. See our Summer Programmes for further information. For further guidance please visit our how to apply pages. Below is an example of a year one Medical Biochemistry Timetable.

‎Medical Biochemistry Principles For Medical Students on Apple Books

Undergraduate students can expect on average 70 hours contact time per month. Your comprehensive guide Clearing at Swansea University. Open Day. Ask us a Question. The basis of modern medicine. Places available through Clearing. Course Overview Medical biochemistry is at the heart of modern medicine. Why Medical Biochemistry at Swansea?

Your Medical Biochemistry Experience Our academic staff are active in a diverse range of genetics research fields, offering an unrivalled mix of academic excellence and cutting edge practice. Medical Biochemistry Employment Opportunities A degree in Medical Biochemistry opens up a range of exciting career opportunities in diverse fields including: Medicine and other health professions Pharmaceutical development Diagnostics Bioinformatics Veterinary sciences This degree also provides an ideal base for further study to become a medical doctor and many of our students have gone on to study Graduate Entry Medicine at Swansea.

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One could even discuss the rational for selecting certain glycolysis enzymes for the development of anti-cancer drugs [ 6 ]. It puzzles students that medical biochemistry is generally presented outside the context of diseases and medicine. For example, medical students are still taught how to use the Gibbs free energy equation to calculate the free energy and equilibrium constant of reactions.

We fail to see medical relevance of being able or unable to do so. Therefore, like others [ 7 ], we also suggest that educators need to focus on teaching medical biochemistry in ways that show medical relevance. To us, medically relevant biochemistry is one that gives students just enough information to be able to understand the basic mechanism of why a biochemical defect results in a disease and potential avenues of diagnosis and treatment.

We admit that this is not an easy task, because so much biochemistry is about chemical formula, reaction mechanisms, pathways, and seemingly unrelated schemes that are too far detached from living human body functions, such as blood flow or heart beats; furthermore, because medical students take biochemistry prior to having any medical knowledge and hence it is extremely difficult for them to relate biochemistry to diseases by themselves as MA can tell from his personal experience.

Nevertheless, it appears that most students can effectively learn and understand medical applications of biochemistry if the applications are presented to them in contextualized ways through uncomplicated medical cases. For example, students could easily see the biological importance and medical relevance of the V max and k m of glucokinase if they are shown real life cases of diabetes caused by mutations that alter the V max and k m of glucokinase [ 8 ].

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Therefore, we suggest a way of teaching medical biochemistry. To do so, medical biochemistry educators need first to define core concepts and biochemical principles that teachers and students could review or relearn in a short period. The educator will then teach new concepts and medical applications of biochemistry, in an in-depth fashion, via a series of carefully designed PBL problem-based learning or CBL case-based learning modules [ 9 ].

The in-depth teaching should aim to 1 stimulate personal cognitive processes to first understand concepts and then connect concepts to construct knowledge structures, and 2 teach students to apply their knowledge to new situations and solve new problems. This way of teaching promotes lifelong learning, open inquiry, and critical thinking capability that physicians should have [ 10 , 11 ].

Course content

Alternatively, medical biochemistry could be taught in various way that integrate basic and clinical sciences that have been or are being adapted by medical schools worldwide [ 12 — 14 ]. Imagine the following scenario in an integrative curriculum. A biochemist starts the day by teaching students the biological roles of cholesterol, its synthesis, absorption, transportation, and disposition and how alterations in any of these processes change the laboratory values of the blood lipid test. The pathologist then continues by teaching the disease processes that result from dysregulation of the aforementioned events involving cholesterol.

The nutritionist follows up by teaching dietary management of cholesterol-related disorders. Finally, the pharmacologist ends by discussing various treatment options and potential for future therapies. This integrative teaching allows students to see cholesterol metabolism in relationship to diseases and medicine from different perspectives without any delay.

This is a bad idea. What we do not want is to produce physicians who can pass the board examinations with knowledge deficiencies and who are unable to critically read and understand the sciences in the articles published in medical journals, such as the Journal of Clinical Investigation , The Lancet , or the New England Journal of Medicine. Needless to say, students can attest that they have to memorize a huge amount of biochemistry materials.


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However, rote memorization is not synonymous to learning and understanding of the materials and produces learning fatigue. In the era of using pocket devices to instantly gain access to ubiquitous information, we should stop asking students to memorize a vast amount of details, such as the minute details in the metabolic pathways, as long as it does not reduce the quality of educational outcome. Instead, we should teach students how to conceptualize metabolic pathways with an emphasis on the biological roles of metabolic pathways and their interconnection in the context of physiology and diseases.

Thus, it is best, for example, if a student knows how to diagnose a metabolic defect that causes methymalonic acidemia using a metabolic pathway reference. This idea was proposed by Professor Edward J. Equally important, biochemistry needs to be taught in ways that stick with students—the stickier the better—to reduce rote memorization. There are many ways to make things stick [ 16 ], and it requires personalities, presentation styles, use of vivid and sticky examples, clarity, and even something that shocks [ 16 ].

In summary, medical biochemistry needs to highlight how biochemistry applies to medicine, minimizes rote memorization, and stick with students.


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The best outcome should be one that highlights the connection between medical biochemistry and its clinical applications. The ultimate goal of medical biochemistry, in our opinion, should be to provide students with fundamental biochemistry concepts and principles that serve as a knowledge foundation enabling them to better study and understand the complexities of diseases and medicine. Teaching biochemistry concepts and principles to students should be aimed at helping the students to become scientifically literate so that they will gain the ability to become independent learners in the future, and be able to critically read and understand biomedical literatures, participate in biomedical research projects, and evaluate claims of efficacy and safety of new therapeutic strategies.

This will help students become the best doctors that they can be, and provides the best care for patients throughout their careers. We thank Dr.