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Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Il dono di Svet by Donato Altomare. Il dono di Svet by Donato Altomare. Comincia la sua prima avventura fra i mondi del possibile Copertina di Franco Brambilla Get A Copy. Mass Market Paperback , Urania , pages. More Details I never tired of hearing it…it was the only time my grandmother sang. Any information about this would be greatly appreciated! My daughter is taking singing lessons and I think I have a song some others here have been looking for!

I am lost with an old lullaby my nonna used to sing. Again we would sit facing onward her as she would rock us singing this lullaby. In her abbruzze slang? Toc a me toc a te quanta farina face n face an metzite insert name e rica ric. Name e ric e buon. Something about being in a piazza. Passa la pappa se e dice eccola chitilla me! Please help :. I am looking to find out the words to a nursery rhyme my grandmother from Calabria, Italy used to say to me. It starts: Questo dice capo pane Questo dice con chi non.

I am not able to spell it correctly or anything, I just remember some of the words and I can hear her voice in my head saying it. She has passed away and I want to learn this nursery rhyme so I can teach it to my children and someday gradchildren. Please help. Louis, my great grandmother sang a very similar, if not the same, lullaby to us.

You have more words than I do though — have you found out anything more? My grandma sang the same song, and then my mom.. My grandfather passed away about 10 years ago, and nobody can remember what he used to sing to all the baby cousins whenever he held them. If you could give us any help it would be so greatly appreciated, we miss him so and want the song to stay with the new generation coming along as my cousins and siblings have our own children! Excuse the spelling.


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This is an Italian ditty. I am looking for a nursery rhyme that my nonna used to sing to us as kids. She would have us sitting in her lap facing her and would rock us back and forth while singing it and would get lower and lower as she rocked us and at the end would kinda shake us. The song seems similar to Sedia Sediola but the words I remember are a bit different. Seda seda matim pa della bowl ghla volchri na mi nella…. My dad used to say it to us. Does this sound familiar to anyone? He used to do the same thing to my niece before he passed away and she was just asking me how it went.

Any help is appreciated.

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Moosha moushella , atta tella , a do si gouda, che ca vacca, frutte di vacca!! My family is from the Bari area. My grandfather used to sing a nursery rhyme about a mouse if i recall……. Im not sure if the spelling is correct but it may have been called gena gen. My father-in-law used to say a rhyme to the children when they were little. His father was from Calabria, his mother from Sicily, so not sure the origin. Am I even close? Would love to know what it really was — he is in a nursing home now with Alzheimers and all the grandchildren have been talking about this of late.

She would take our hands and clap them together patty-cake style was singing the following spelled phonetically …. It tells about a donkey, and how the donkey shared the grieves of his master by singing to him Ee-Aw, Ee-Aw… My grandparents were both from the north, so I follow quite easily the northern dialects, but the southern ones I find harder, and cannot write them down myself.

I shall deeply appreciate help on it. You can hear it sung in this YouTube video. The lyrics below are from Wikitesti. Thank you Monique. How lovely of you! I really appreciate your help. Of course, the spelling is incorrect. My grandmother was from Palermo. My grandmother would sing this to me growing up. I think it is something about a cat in a church? Thanks so much if this rings a bell with any paisans!

This is how my dad and i remember it.. Our version was something like this: forgive my spelling. Zega bolla Pan e cipolla Cipolla cucinare Name of child mi piace Piace tonda bella Dupaladoooooobalagondella! I loved reading these posts. I miss my east coast home so much and my grandparents, RIP.

Hi, I have a song my great grandma sang to me in Italian and I would like to know what it meant in English! Hi, My nonni would always sing a song to us in Italian when she would put us to sleep. Any help would be appreciated!!! My grandmother recently passed away. Her family was from Northern Italy in the Tuscany region. She and my grandfather used to sing me this Italian rhyme while bouncing me on their knee.

My mother found it written down while going through her belongings. My mom thinks that grandma wrote it down as it sounded, not necessarily as it was spelt. Trot, trot horsey trot is a noun, here, i. To Josephine I remember it like this: Sono piccina piccina , nulla so fare, Vado in cucina e cerco da mangiare!

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Hello, I was wondering if anyone could help with a little Italian song my grandma used to sing me. This is the best spelling I can figure out. Eh Cumpari Ci vuoi suonare Chi si suona, u friscolettu e come si suona u frisculettu whistle , whistle tippity tippity ta. Hi All, looking for a lullaby my grandmother and Aunts used to sing.

My grandmother was from Bronte, Sicily. And the word , po po po through out the lullaby. She was a Northern Italian from Turin. She would hold my hand or my foot and rub her hand on my palm or my foot and would say. It means a lot to me. We face our mother or grandmother when they recited it and at the end they rubbed the cheeks on your face a the ru-ru-ru part Please bear with my poor phonetics, I was only 3 or 4. My Nonnie would sit me on her lap and bounce me on her knee as if I were riding a goat.

She would sing in Italian a rhyme that I would love to have the correct translation or some history on the nursery song. She was from Umbria and it may be a regional song. Each time I would say one, then sing it again and answer, Two, then three and we could count to ten in Italian.

In standard Italian it goes:. Adult E se tre avessi detto E cavallo e cavallino E cavallo del papa Quante corna ha la capra? I am also trying to find out about a nursery rhyme. My mother was from the Verona area. You sing the song while putting your child on your knees facing you and bounce them up and down while singing, ending with tipping the child backwards when saying the last line. My one-year old grandson loves this experience, but I would really love to get the lyrics right.

Can anyone help? San Piedro que la sona. Sona, sonanda, gli angeli vai contanda. Contanda genequo. Piendi, rose et peindi fieurel.. Peter sings to you, sings, singing. Janet and Dorothy both talk about the nursery rhyme that I remember about a bird and a fountain and catching, plucking, cooking and eating the bird.

I also would love to know the actual words a well. If anyone knows this rhyme, please let me know. We are waiting for our first grandchild and would love to remember it all. It means the world! Love, Alli. I do not know the spelling. My papa played this game with me on my back he would tap it with his fingers and chanted tupi tupi baeda bon a baeda tupi tupi baeda ally ally copa and then he would say guess how many. You had to guess how many fingers he had on your back. It was funny since one of his fingers was cut down to the first knuckle so if he had that finger on you, you would have to say something like three and a half.

I too wish I could find the correct spelling and then find out what it means. I want to surprise him so if some one has any info on it I would much appreciate it! My grandmother from Nicastro would sing a song to us to get us to nap. It had something to do with peas and macaroni.

All I remember and this is phonetic is:. My Nanny passed away a few years ago, and we were reminiscing about a rhyme she used to tell us. Probably not the best nursery rhyme for Nanny to teach us, but she was old school from the old country…. Hello, To start thank you for having this website! They would sing this song and I would like to teach my son to sing to his children.

I have no clue the meaning either and will most likely spell it all wrong. Thank you in advance, I am very grateful. Again many thank yous. The song started pardon my English! Pizza Pizza tada, Mamma chicolata….. Any help with this would be great!!! Love the site!!! My great-great grandfather used to sing this song to my grandmother and she taught it to all of us. My father-in-law, whose family came from Abruzzo, used to play a little game with infants years old. I am looking for a song that mom sang to my kids, she woul sing it and touch there nose and try to make them laugh.

They were supposed to try and not laugh. My father taught me a Italian chant that was said to cause the smoke from a small fire to blow away from ones eyes. Does anyone else know of this? My Great-Grandma was Sicilian and she used to sing a song or a rhyme to us that went: spelled phonetically. My Sicilian grandpa played a holiday guessing game with mixed nuts. One grabs a handful and asks. Can you tell me the meaning of the words? My mom and grandmother from Marche used to sing a rhyme to us while we sat on their laps.

Does anyone know the real words? Ciacia minaccia Buta.. La piazza dao bubu, Buta. The following was a little diddy my mother and grandmother would sing….. Fa or Va la nonna, coo coo, mo vana or vanna papa, et ti porta boom booch, fa or va la nonna coo coo, coo coo, coo coo….. My Nonno, and later my grandfather his son , used to sing a nursery rhyme to us while standing us on his lap, holding our hands, and rocking us back and forth. My Nona and Mom Would sing this to me and I would sing it to my daughter.

La oucuuza e kina de mele viva, viva Sain Michelle. I came across this site looking for some help. They would do it as bouncing us on their knees, and now they do it four our kids and they sing it. Unfortunately, none of us know what it translates to — at all. I found this song which is close, but not how my Mom pronounces things.

I know it starts with Arre, Arre, arre, but the best I can do is give you phonetic spellings of the rest. Do you know this Italian Sicilian nursery rhyme? My mother said it to her niece the other day and I had forgotten it. The thing is that nobody knows the words. Just the sounds. It sounds something like:. Hope someone might help. Early 70s my P5 class took part in a choir contest in Falkirk. One of the songs we sang was possibly Italian.

I only remember the first couple of lines. E nato a si belle, a lui volu donar… Anyone help? Liscia, liscia The cat pees, The dog poops, beautiful face, beautiful face, beautiful face. My grandmother was from Abruzzi and used to sing this to us as children while we were on her knee:. Said would lightly slapping the cheeks Non e la verde! Montecristo is an island belonging to the municipality of Portoferraio in the province of Livorno. The island is a state nature reserve and forms part of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park. The island is the most pristine and remote of the Tuscan islands.

It was home to a community of monks until the 16th century, when they lived in nearly complete seclusion for decades. The diverse nature park stretches along the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.

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Rugged hillsides, sandy beaches, rivers, marshes and pine forests form a scene of wild beauty in Tuscany's wild west. The park includes many wild beaches like Cala di Forno and Collelungo. The impressive mountain world of the Alpi Apuane defines the area of land between Lucca and Carrara. This area is full of steep mountainsides and deep ravines, blindingly white marble and numerous caves. Tuscan cuisine is rich in terms of assortment and simple in terms of ingredients. Olive oil is made up of Moraiolo, Leccino, and Frantoiano olives.

White truffles from San Miniato appear in October and November. Beef of the highest quality comes from the Chiana Valley, specifically a breed known as Chianina used for Florentine steak. The indigenous Cinta Senese breed of pork is also produced. Typical antipasti are finocchiona a kind of salami flavored with fennel seeds and crostini open-faced chopped liver sandwiches.

Firstcourse specialties include ribollita a thick bread and vegetable soup , its southern Maremma variant acquacotta, pappardelle sulla lepre wide egg noodles served in a wild hare sauce , and cacciucco Livorno fish stew. The most popular entrees are the renowned Florentine steak, arista herb-flavored roast pork , and game, served with delicious side dishes such as fagioli al fiasco beans cooked in a glass flask and frittura mista batter-fried zucchini, artichokes, and other seasonal vegetables , and the white truffles of San Miniato.

Zuccotto ice cream cake , panforte a chewy cake made in Siena and biscotti di Prato, are a few popular Tuscan desserts. It is produced in high volumes and exported worldwide, with a distinctive personality that is difficult to define, but that has somehow impressed consumers all over the world. The Sangiovese grape is the key to the. The Metropolitan City of Florence is one of the most fascinating in Italy, for the artistic beauties of the city.

Florence is known as the city of the lily. It was the centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of that era. It is dubbed "Cradle of the Renaissance," "Athens of the Middle Ages," and just plain Firenze in Italian, and was for over a thousand years a quiet town in the Tuscan countryside. Settled by the Etruscans, a Roman. In fact, by the 12th century, when it was a city-state, and the first guilds the famous Corporazioni delle Arti were already functioning, the Florentine fiorino had become one of the strongest currencies in all of Europe.

In the 13th century, the city's prosperity increased even more. This was the century dominated by Dante Alighieri, whose Divine Comedy written in the language spoken by the Florentines and not erudite Latin, laid the basis for modern Italian. The painter Giotto and the architect Arnolfo di Cambio also made their remarkable contributions. In the 14th century, a time of combined economic hardship and plague the Black Death of chronicled by Boccaccio in Decameron , Northern Gothic, known in painting as the International Style, was the most influential on the major Florentine artists, most of whom were followers of Giotto.

In with the fall of the Communal form of government, Cosimo de' Medici, known as the Elder, seized power, thereby giving rise to what would be three centuries of Medici rule. By the second half of the century, the Renaissance was well underway, as Cosimo's grandson, Lorenzo the Magnificent, presided over a remarkable court imbued with classical-inspired humanist culture. Under the patronage of the great Renaissance prince, the arts flourished as few times before and after in the history of mankind, producing names such as Lorenzo himself, Poliziano, and Pulci in literature, Botticelli, the Lippis, Ghirlandaio, and Paolo Uccello, in painting, Brunelleschi, Michelozzo, and Alberti in architecture, and Donatello, Verrocchio, and the della Robbias in sculpture.

Lorenzo was also a clever politician, managing to attain a correct balance of power among the major contenders of his day, but his successors failed to live up to his greatness, with the result that the Medicis were driven from the city in the late s and the citizenry proclaimed the Republic of Florence. Savonarola, Machiavelli, Michelangelo, and Leonardo were among the prominent figures who witnessed and participated in the events of those days. Shortly afterward, however, the Medici triumphantly returned.

Cosimo I, the first Medici grand duke, skillfully consolidated Florence's dominions in the Tuscan territory, without relinquishing the great tradition of art patronage started by his predecessors. He was succeeded by Francesco I, also a notable art patron, one of whose projects was founding of the Uffizi collection. The Medici and their successors, the Lorraine grand dukes, continued to promote artistic endeavors of every sort, commissioning great villas and monumental palaces for themselves, although the political importance of Florence had in the meantime greatly declined.

Today, the city attracts millions of tourists each year. The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics.

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Due to Florence's artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Saint Mary of the Flower, built on the former ancient Basilica the Pisan sculptor Andrea Pisano; the north doors designed of Saint Reparata is one of the largest religious buildings in the world.

In the he reputedly called them the Gates of Paradise. Enclosed in baptistry. It stands 85 meters huge dome built by Brunelleschi, tall feet , with steps. The on the audacious diameter of 42 bell tower is the richest sculptural metres. The gothic style facade of undertaking of the early 14th the cathedral is, however, modern. Three great artists worked facade for centuries, although one on it: Giotto, who conceived the was started by Arnolfo who sculpted project and designed the first storey, beautiful statues to adorn it. Its neoAndrea Pisano in who designed Gothic facade was designed in the 19th the second storey accentuating its vertical century by architect Emilio de Fabris to replace and slender aspect by adding double arched baptistry of St.

John the uncompleted original, torn down in the 16th windows, and finally Francesco Talenti who, by century. The cathedral is the mother church of the covering the whole with precious marble, transformed Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Florence, whose archbishop is it into a gemlike work. The three types of marble are the white currently Giuseppe Betori. To pay for its building, the city of Florence contributed by paying a special tax. It was the first octagonal originals can be admired in the nearby Museo dell'Opera.

The Baptistery's exterior Luca Fancelli. The original construction consisted of only the middle cube. In , the property was sold to the Medicis and became the primary residence of the grand ducal family. The palace was then enlarged and altered; from , Bartolomeo Ammannati designed and added the grandiose courtyard and two lateral wings.

The layout of the piazza and the opening up of the view began under Cosimo II de' Medici. The facade then assumed its present appearance, except for the two projecting wings, added by the House of Lorraine in the early 18th century. Behind the palace lie the famous Boboli Gardens.

Today, the Pitti Palace houses some of the most important museums in Florence. On the first floor is the Palatine Gallery, containing a large collection of 16th and 17th-century paintings including works by Raphael , and the Royal Apartments, containing furnishings from a remodeling done in the 19th century.

On the ground floor and mezzanine is the Treasury of the Grand Dukes formerly known as the Silver Museum displaying a vast collection of Medici household treasures, from table silverware to precious stone vases, rock crystals and precious jewelry. The Gallery of Modern Art is on the top floor, holding a collection of mostly Tuscan 19th and 20th-century paintings.

In the separate Palazzina del Cavaliere on the upper slopes of the Boboli Gardens is the Porcelain Museum, while the Palazzina of the Meridiana contains the Museum of Costume and Fashion, a showcase of the fashions of the past years. The architect Vasari used iron as reinforcement, which enabled his successor, Buontalenti, to create an almost continuous wall of glass on the upper story. This was used as a gallery for Francesco I to display the Medici art treasures. The collection was divided up in the 19th century, ancient objects went to the archaeological museum and sculpture to the Bargello Museum, leaving the Uffizi with a matchless collection of paintings.

The Uffizi offers not only the chance to see the world's greatest collection of Italian Renaissance paintings but also the opportunity to enjoy masterpieces from as far afield as Holland, Spain, and Germany. Accumulated over the centuries by the Medici, the collection was first housed in the Uffizi in and eventually bequeathed to the Florentine people by Anna Maria Lodovica, the last of the Medici. Begun in , the fortresslike building was initially the town hall making it the oldest seat of government in the city but later became a prison and home to the chief of police the Bargello.

It also became known for its executions that took place in the main courtyard until , when Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo abolished the death sentence. The garden lacks a natural water source. A conduit was built from the nearby Arno River to feed water into an elaborate irrigation system to water the plants in the garden. The main exhibition halls, the Salone and Tribuna designed by Emilio De Fabris in the late s, host Michelangelo's sculptures. Along the Salone are the four Slaves, roughed out masterpieces of enormous vigor, meant for Pope Julius' never finished tomb in Rome Continued on page Giambologna also sculpted the nearby equestrian statue of Cosimo I de Medici Michelangelo Buonarroti, Benvenuto Cellini and other significant artists have been associated with it.

Like other state art academies in Italy, it became an autonomous degree-awarding institution under law no. Matthew c. It was commissioned by the Republic of Florence as the symbol of Florentine freedom and set right in front of Palazzo Vecchio, the city's civic center where it stood until replacement by a copy became necessary for preservation in the s. The rest of the museum focuses on Florentine painting, from the pre-Renaissance through Mannerist periods. A plaque, for example, marks the spot where the reformer monk Savonarola was burned at the stake in The south side of the square is dominated by the three great arches of the Loggia della Signoria.

Designed in the s by Benci di Cione and Simone Talenti for public ceremonies, it became an open-air sculpture museum as great works such as Benvenuto Cellini's Perseus , and Giambologna's Rape of the Sabine Women was set up inside it. The Neptune Fountain in front of Palazzo Vecchio is composed of an immense statue representing Neptune, sculpted. The church was begun in and largely completed by Only its facade remained unfinished, until a textile merchant, Giovanni Ruccellaia, commissioned Leon Battisti Alberti to finish the work in The sponsor's Latin name can be seen across the facade, along with his emblem, the billowing "Sail of Fortune.

The church, the adjoining cloister, and chapter house contain a multiplicity of art treasures and funerary monuments. Especially famous are frescoes by masters of Gothic and early Renaissance. They were financed by the most important Florentine families, who ensured themselves funerary chapels on consecrated ground. The Jewish Community thought about building a new Synagogue, as a symbol of the new situation of freedom, however it was only possible to build it later, after the death of a President of the Jewish Community, David Levi, who died in In fact, Levi had left his entire estate for building a new Synagogue which was worthy of the city of Florence, and so the 'Israelitic Temple' Continued on page Their design integrated the Italian architectural tradition with the Moorish style used for the decoration.

This style was once considered fit for a Synagogue because it was never used for churches and, in the case of the new Synagogue of Florence, because it was built in the Sephardic style. Inside the building, every square inch is covered with colored designs, in Moorish patterns. The interior mosaics and frescoes are by Giovanni Panti and the great arch was designed by Giacomo del Medico.

Martino" and "Piazza dei Donati," was the 13th-century location of the houses of the Alighieri family, as reported in many old documents. At the beginning of the 20th century, after several studies and researches, the Municipal Administration ordered the building of a house to celebrate the place of Dante's birth. Today, the building is the seat of the House-Museum of Dante, which was reopened to the public on June 1st, The museum is arranged on three floors according to the three most important stages in his life.

This is the oldest surviving bridge in the city and it was built in , the last in a succession of bridges and fords on the site that dated back to Roman times. They were reviled for their noise and stench and were evicted in by Duke Ferdinand I and replaced by jewelers and blacksmiths.

The elevated Vasari Corridor runs along the eastern side of the bridge, above the shops. Giorgio Vasari designed the corridor in to allow the Medici family to move about their residences without having to mix with the public. This was the city's only bridge. A bust of the famous goldsmith Benvenuto Cellini stands in the middle of the bridge. There are many padlocks along the bridge popularly connected to the idea of love. However, there is now a fine for doing this, so the frequency of this practice has decreased substantially.

Built in the style of a Latin cross, the church is distinguished by harmonious grays and rows of Corinthian columns.

The Old Sacristy was designed by Brunelleschi and decorated in part by Donatello. It has the shape of a long and narrow stripe, on the north bank of the Arno river. It extends from the centre of Florence until the point where the Mugnone flows into the Arno. The building of the Park began in , under the rule of Cosimo I de' Medici, as a farming and hunting estate of the Medici family, ruling the city of Florence since The very name of the Park derives from the ancient basilica of st lawrence Italian word "Cascio", meaning bovine livestock, mainly intended for the production of butter and cheese.

Since the beginnings of its building, the maintenance of the park was particularly well cared by the Medicis. Rare and exotic plants were chosen for the park, also for scientific reasons. With the end of rule of the Medici in favour of the Habsburg-Lorraines, the park acquired a recreative function in the urban system, conserved until the present days.

The amphitheatre in the park was named in March after a well known son of Florence, Ernesto de Pascale, a music journalist and bluesrock musician who died The slightly later belltower was designed by Baccio d'Agnolo. The interior is a notable example of Brunelleschi's masterful use of space: an effect of harmony and balance is achieved through the regular succession of spaces marked by the columns sweeping the eye to the focal point of the building.

Among the masters whose works are hanging in the church are Filippino Lippi, Sansovino, and Rossellino. To the right of the church building is the refectory of the Monastery of Santo Spirito with a Last Supper frescoed by Orcagna c. Perched high on a hillside overlooking the renaissance city, one can enjoy a breathtaking view of Florence's skyline.

A replica of Michelangelo's Statue of David stands in the centre of the plaza. This astonishing Renaissance sculpture was created between and It is a 14 ft marble statue depicting the biblical hero David, represented as a standing male nude. Michelangelo was asked by the consuls of the Board to complete an unfinished project begun in by Agostino di Duccio and later carried on by Antonio Rossellino in This block of marble of exceptional dimensions remained therefore neglected for 25 years, lying within the courtyard of the Opera del Duomo.

Michelangelo was only 26 years old in , but he was already the most famous and best-paid artist in his days. He accepted the challenge with enthusiasm to sculpt a large scale David and constantly worked for over two years to create one of his most. The Vestry Board had established the religious subject for the statue, but nobody expected such a revolutionary interpretation of the biblical hero.

The account of the battle between David and Goliath is told in Book 1 Samuel. Saul and the Israelites are facing the Philistines near the Valley of Elah. Twice a day for 40 days, Goliath, the champion of the Philistines, comes out between the lines and challenges the Israelites to send out a champion of their own to decide the outcome in single combat.

Only David, a young shepherd, accepts the challenge. Saul reluctantly agrees and offers his armor, which David declines since it is too large, taking only his sling and five stones from a brook. David and Goliath thus confront each other, Goliath with his armor and shield, David armed only with his rock, his sling, his faith in God and his courage. David hurls a stone from his sling with all his might and hits Goliath in the center of his forehead: Goliath falls on his face to the ground, and David then cuts off his head. Traditionally, David had been portrayed after his victory, triumphant over the slain Goliath.

Michelangelo instead, for the first time, chooses to depict David before the battle. David is tense: Michelangelo catches him at the apex of his concentration. He stands relaxed, but alert, resting on a classical pose known as contrapposto. Perched upon a hill overlooking vines and olive trees, Castelfalfi is at the heart of an area that is famous for the production of prestigious Tuscan wine and olive oil. This is also the town where Oscar-winner director Roberto Benigni filmed some scenes from his Pinocchio, right inside the large estate once owned by the Medici family that now houses the borgo.

Almost abandoned during the s, Castelfalfi was taken over by a private company several years ago, revived and made into a resort, which has maintained the features of a traditional medieval village. It is the second largest fortress to be built in Florence. It was designed and built by Bernardo Buontalenti over a five-year period, between and , by order of Grand Duke Ferdinando I de' Medici. However, traditional and local products, such as antiques, handicrafts, glassware, leatherwork, art reproductions, jewellery, souvenirs, elaborate metal and ironwork, shoes, accessories and high fashion clothes also dominate a fair sector of Florence's economy.

MUSIC - Florence became a musical centre during the Middle Ages, and music and the performing arts remain an important part of its culture. During the Renaissance, there were four kinds of musical patronage in the city with respect to both sacred and secular music: state, corporate, church, and private. It was here that the Florentine Camerata convened in the midth century and experimented with setting tales of Greek mythology to music and staging the result. In other words, the first operas, setting the wheels in motion not just for the further development of the operatic form, but for later developments of separate "classical" forms such as the symphony.

Opera was invented in Florence in the late 16th century. The museum, founded by Frederick Stibbert contains over 36, artifacts, including a vast collection of armour from Eastern and Western stibbert museum civilizations. Stibbert's father was English and his mother Italian; he received his education in England. The Stibbert family's extreme wealth came from Frederick's grandfather, Giles Stibbert, who was the commander in chief for the British East India Company in Bengal at the end of the 18th century and ruled as governor for many years. Frederick Stibbert inherited the entire estate from his grandfather and did not work for the rest of his life.

Instead, WINE - The Chianti region is just he dedicated his life to collecting south of the city, and its Sangiovese objects, antiques, and artifacts and grapes figure prominently not only in turned his villa into a museum. When the size of the collections outgrew its Chianti Classico wines but also in many of the more recently developed the villa, Stibbert hired architect Giuseppe Poggi, painter Gaetano Bianchi Supertuscan blends. Within 32 km to the west is the Carmignano area, and sculptor Passaglia to add on rooms. In , when Stibbert died, his also home to flavourful Sangiovese-based red wines.

The celebrated collection was given to the city of Florence and was opened to the public. Chianti Rufina district, geographically and historically separated Stibbert and his family are buried at Cimitero Evangelico agli Allori, in Continued on page 40 Florence. ECONOMY - Tourism is, by far, the most important of all industries and most of the Florentine economy relies on the money generated by international arrivals and students studying in the city. Manufacturing and commerce, however, remain highly important. David Wong service manager , Walter Botteselle service technician , Savinder Kalsi service technician.

The name means wasp in Italian. From their inception, Vespa scooters have been known for their painted, pressed steel unibody which combines a complete cowling for the engine enclosing the engine mechanism and concealing dirt or grease , a flat floorboard providing foot protection , and a prominent front fairing providing wind protection into a structural unit. Piaggio sold some 2, Vespas in , over 10, in , 20, in , and over 60, in The biggest sales promo ever was Hollywood. You can follow and admire the routes that run for about meters below the imposing mass of the Alburni mountains.

The initial section of the caves is flooded by the waters of the Negro River, offering a fascinating and unusual journey by boat. The atmosphere is surreal. Underground passages, tunnels and caverns open before the eye of the visitor who lingers on the surrounding surfaces, discovering how groups of stalactites and stalagmites are modeled from time to time in mysterious forms. IVA It is only 3 km from the medieval hamlet of Vitorchiano. The house is situated on a rock spur with two Etruscan tombs that can still be seen today and enjoys a broad panorama that reaches as far as the Tevere valley - a very peaceful landscape of the countryside.

It is surrounded by a beautiful garden, with an abundance of shrubs, flowers, secular oak trees, olive trees and vineyards. It has a large well-equipped pool with a gazebo that provides a covered area where one can enjoy cool summer breezes. On the upper level, there is a single bedroom and a double bedroom with a shower, overlooking the breathtaking panoramic view of the vineyards.

A babybed is also available. The furniture is comfortable and the ambiance is warm and welcoming. Chiaraluna is 7 km from Viterbo, 22 km from Tuscania, 48 km from Tarquinia and Cerveteri, and in the radius of 22 km are the beautiful Bolsena, Vico and Bracciano Lakes.

Chiaraluna Resort is the ideal place to discover the pleasure in a holiday of relaxation and sports like trekking, mountain biking and horseback riding. The owners have taken great care in maintaining the old atmosphere and charm of the farmhouse. Diamonds are so hard that the only tools that can be used to cut a diamond must be made from another diamond. Although often colorless, it also may appear in yellow, brown, red, pink, orange, blue, or green, from pale to intense; the more saturated the hue, the more valuable the stone.

In the short years since, Canadian diamond mines have become some of the world's leading producers. For a few dollars you can mine for a day and keep anything you find. At first the cost was very high. Now, over tons of synthetic diamonds are produced every year. Most of these diamonds are used to make cutting tools and abrasives. The February birthstone, amethyst, is said to strengthen relationships and give its wearer courage. At one time, only royalty could wear the gem The March birthstone, aquamarine, was thought to cure heart, liver, and stomach diseases. The April birthstone, diamond, in addition to being a symbol of everlasting love, was once thought to bring courage.

It has long been associated with fertility, rebirth, and love. The June birthstone, pearl, has long been a symbol of purity. The August birthstone, peridot, symbolizes strength. It is sometimes called the evening emerald for its light green color. The September birthstone, sapphire, was once thought to guard against evil and poisoning. The November birthstone, topaz, symbolizes love and affection. The December birthstone, turquoise, is regarded as a love charm. It is also a symbol of good fortune and success.

More recently, the Bolgheri region about km southwest of Florence has become celebrated for its "Super Tuscan" reds such as Sassicaia and Ornellaia. The majority of dishes are based on meat. The whole animal was traditionally eaten; tripe trippa and stomach lampredotto were once regularly on the menu and still are sold at the food carts stationed throughout the city. The typically saltless Tuscan bread, obtained with natural levain is used frequently in Florentine courses, especially in its soups, ribollita and pappa al pomodoro, or in the salad of bread and fresh vegetables called panzanella.

The bistecca alla Fiorentina is a large 40 to 50 oz T-bone steak of Chianina beef cooked over hot charcoal and served very rare with its more recently derived version, the tagliata, sliced rare beef served on a bed of arugula, often with slices of Parmesan cheese on top. Most of these courses are generally served with local olive oil, also a prime product enjoying a worldwide reputation. Among the desserts, "schiacciata alla Fiorentina" a large, recatangular, flat sponge cake, often with a scent of orange peel and vanilla is one of the most popular; it is a very soft cake, prepared with extremely simple ingredients.

It is typically eaten during Carnival time and has a stencilled Florentine "giglio," the symbolic lily of Florence, dusted over the top in powdered sugar. Another famous dessert is cantuccini di Prato hard almond cookies similar to biscotti dipped in vinsanto a dessert wine made Florentine sponge cake from raisins. With a history dating back to the Etruscans and Phoenicians, the province achieved considerable power and influence in the Mediterranean in the 12th and 13th centuries.

In the 11th century, it wrested control of Sardinia, the start of a political and artistic influence not to be relinquished for centuries. Some of the great wealth the city accumulated between the 11th and 13th centuries was lavished on gigantic building projects such as the Campo dei Miracoli religious complex, including their sculptural decoration commissioned from masters such as Nino Pisano 12th century and Giovanni Pisano 13th century. In , however, Pisa suffered a terrible defeat at the hands of the Genoese in the sea battle of Meloria.

The results were political and economic decline and inevitably from on complete dependence on Florence. Under the Medici grand dukes, however, recovery was swift at least economically, due to enlarging of the port, and, culturally, after the University of Pisa was opened. The name Piazza dei Miracoli.

Its characteristic inclination is not a recent phenomenon, having begun almost as soon as work on the project got underway probably due to land slippage, a common phenomenon in the Pisan territory. However, the fact that it shows no sign of diminishing has prompted the city to sponsor studies aimed at stabilizing the situation. So far, despite the efforts of engineers and architects all over the world, no solution has been found.

Galileo made use of the tilt for his famous gravitation experiments and used the tower as an observatory. At the top is a wonderful belfry by Tommaso di Andrea of Pontedera. Mary of the Assumption. The cathedral has two aisles on either side of the nave. The transept consists of three aisles.

The church is also known as the Primatial, the archbishop of Pisa being a Primate since It set the model for the distinctive Pisan Romanesque Campo dei Miracoli's lovely medieval ensemble. Begun in by Giovanni style of architecture. The mosaics of the interior, as well as the pointed di Simone, the vast marble arcades of this long, rectangular building are arches, show a strong Byzantine influence.

The door of Saint Rainerius said to enclose soil brought back to Pisa during the Crusades from the hill is decorated with 24 bronze relief where Jesus was crucified. This door is its once famous frescoes, leaving one of the first produced in Italy only traces of scenes depicting The during the Middle Ages, after the Triumph of Death Above the doors are Duomo, Baptistry, and Camposanto.

Cast in The tomb of Buscheto is found bronze by Moorish craftsmen, to the left of the north door of this statue was looted by Pisan the facade. Galileo is believed to adventurers during the wars have formulated his theory about against the Saracens. There are also the movement of a pendulum works by both Nicola and Giovanni by watching the swinging of the Pisano, notably Giovanni's ivory Incense Lamp not the present Virgin and Child , carved for one hanging from the ceiling of the Duomo's high altar. JOHN - This enormous building is one of the tallest spina from Christ's crown is preserved in a 16th-century tabernacle religious buildings in Pisa.

It is situated in Square of Miracles. The circular which, along with a sculpture by Tommaso Pisano, adorns the interior. Baptistry, a graceful counterpoint to the Duomo, was begun in along The building, moved here from its original location right on the water to Romanesque lines and finished a century later - after a delay caused by a protect it from floods, is embellished with sculptural decoration executed shortage of money - in a more ornate Gothic style by Nicola and Giovanni by followers of Giovanni Pisano.

The the same name, San Miniato al Monte, sometimes you will find the phrase pillars that support the pulpit feature statues of the Virtues. These two words make reference to Frederick marble font is by Guido da Como. The baptistery has been built by II who among many other positions and titles, was the King of Germany utilizing white marble, which gives it a look of splendor. The Rocca, one of his many architectural contributions to Italy, was totally destroyed in LEANING TOWER - Known worldwide for its unintended tilt WWII after the German army decided to eliminate the threat it posed for Construction of the belltower, the symbol of Pisa throughout the world, its potential sharpshooter position for the allies and was then completely was begun in , under the supervision of Bonanno, and completed rebuilt in It now sits in the middle of a large grassy field which is two centuries later.

It stands 60m tall and is inclined 5m off perpendicular. During the last three weeks of November, San Miniato hosts a festival devoted to the gastronomically precious white truffle which is harvested in the area around the city. In a recordbreaking truffle found close to the nearby village of Balconevisi weighed in at 2, grams 5. In , a pioneering experiment in geothermal energy production was carried out here and, in , the world's first geothermal power plant was built in the Devil's Valley, characterized by white steam coming from the soil, boiling waters and a landscape that resembles the surface of the moon.

It is home to animal species - This is a former Carthusian such as boars, foxes, and deer. The monastery or charterhouse. In protected area extends along the , the University of Pisa moved coastal area in the provinces of Pisa its natural history museum here. It now houses one of the largest the devil's valley constitute two vast wooded zones bountiful with collections of cetacean skeletons in Europe, while plant and animal species. There is a very special organic halls dedicated to dinosaurs are being set up.

The area surrounding the hives is uncontaminated and rich in Mediterranean vegetation. Its typical Pisan Romanesque facade features blind arches and renowned for its geothermal productivity and known since ancient times arcading. The interior has a single-aisle plan. The capitals atop the for its volcanic nature and phenomenal hot springs.

The most interesting Valley for the boiling water that rises there, already known features are a tomb, made from a Roman sarcophagus, a 14th at the time of Dante Alighieri who was inspired by these century Virgin and Child by Turino Vanni, and a landscapes for his "Hell" in the Divine Comedy. Around , Lardarel perfected the boric acid extraction from the sludge of so-called "lagoni" big lakes. The area was already known by the Romans, who used its sulphur springs for bathing, then used it to extract boric acid during the. We keep it simple and treat you like family.

Since we have provided exceptional service and support to both home and commercial clients. We take pride in our ability to deliver quality components with intelligent configurations at prices that meet your budget. Detached from the main building is the Chapel of Saint Agnes, a 12th-century brick structure with an unusual pyramid-shaped cusp roof. In the early 15th century, Ugolino da Montecatini recommended. After the middle of the 16th century, the square became the headquarters of the Order of the Knights of St. Now it is a centre of education, being the main house of the Scuola Normale di Pisa, a higher learning institution in Pisa.

Its territory is also crossed by the Scolmatore dell'Arno canal, and by the Roglio, an Era's tributary. Pontedera was the seat of several historical battles. On June 11th , Pontedera was the scene of a pyrrhic victory in the last effort by the Republic of Siena to retain its independence, when Piero Strozzi won against the Florentines. Two months later he was decisively defeated at the Battle of Marciano, an event which marked the end of the Senese independence. Pontedera houses the headquarters of the Piaggio motor scooters company. The famous Castellani wine company founded in , is a family thermal baths of san giuliano run business also headquartered in Pontedera.

It these waters for the treatment of various disorders. After a period of produces wine from five main Tuscan estates, as well as from areas decline, the baths were rebuilt in the 18th century, under the government throughout Italy, and is distributed internationally in 42 countries. Furthermore, the University has close relations with the Pisan Institutes of the National Board of Research, with many cultural institutions of national and international importance, and with industry, especially that of information technology, which went through a phase of rapid expansion in Pisa during the s and 70s.

Although formally founded in , there are records to indicate that the University of Pisa has been active since the 11th century. It was also the political centre in.

Parent topics

ECONOMY - The economic system of the province of Pisa is characterized by multiple activities: industrial sectors marine, footwear, mechanical, chemical and pharmaceutical , tourism and its varied offering sea, mountain, eno-gastronomic, cultural tourism, agritourism , floriculture, local products, wine, oil and services.

Rainerius is a candlelight festival that takes place on June 16th, and the regatta takes place on June 17th, on the feast of the patron saint. The four quarters of the city challenge each other in a Regatta on the Arno in remembrance of the nautical tradition of the city. The famous Strawberries Festival in Terricciola takes place in the magnificent landscape of the Pisan hills.

A typical dish of the area is a simple rustic soup called "Sullo Scio," with the "sciocco" unsalted bread. The area is also famous for its local olive oil, prized white truffles of San Miniato, pecorino cheese of Volterra, salami, and ham. This popular cake is made with candied fruits, chocolate, pine nuts and a crust pastry.