They may make up for fasting by feeding the poor. Temporary exemption is permitted to those traveling, the sick, pregnant and nursing women and menstruating women. They are expected to make up the fasts at a later time. Tax on Wealth Zakaat. Zakaat is the fourth pillar of Islam, which can more appropriately be called the purification of wealth.
The amount varies according to the type of property owned. The tax can be levied on land, livestock, and liquid assets gold, silver, stocks, and bonds etc. Hajj, the fifth pillar of Islam, is the pilgrimage to Mecca which a Muslim who is able bodied and has the means is required to perform at least once in his lifetime. It is an elaborate series of religious rites which extend over several days for their accomplishment, performed at the Holy Kaabahin Mecca Arabia and other special holy sites. The central feature of this pilgrimage is the Kaabah, which is believed by Muslims to be the first house built for the worship of One God.
It was rebuilt by the Prophet Abraham peace be on him and his son Ishmael, and later by the Holy Prophet himself. The Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him himself performed this pilgrimage. Historical records show that prophets before the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him also performed pilgrimage.
Fiqah or Shariarefers to the religious laws which guide Muslims in the practical living of their daily lives. It is the sacred scripture of Islam which opens up the true and perfect path to salvation. It contains a complete code of teachings and laws suitable to the needs of every age and provides the means for the spiritual and moral development of all mankind, as well as providing the remedy for its ills. There are one hundred and fourteen chapters. By demonstrating the Word of God in a practical way, he simplified the problems of day to day living.
Hadith means the words actually spoken by the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him , or words that describe an observed incident related to his life. Hadith, which encompass every aspect of Islamic teachings and philosophy, were narrated by his close companions and compiled for the benefit of his followers and posterity. There are many compilations of Hadith.
Who Is God the Father Within the Trinity?
However, six are considered to be the most genuine and authentic. Sufficient is Allah as a Witness. Born in A. Under Divine guidance he migrated to Medinah, where the first Muslim community Ummah was established. Islam spread rapidly, and when the Holy Prophet returned to Mecca ten years after his migration, it was in triumph with ten thousand followers.
Muhammad peace and blessings of Allah be on him forgave those who had opposed him and continued to propagate the teachings of Islam far and wide. At the time of his death in A. The followers of other prophets have claimed them to be model men, but only the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him proclaimed himself to be a model for all mankind. Only he had a Divine proclamation declaring him to be as such.
After the death of the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him , the third type of Khilafat was established by Allah.
It was known as the Khilafate Rashida the righteous Khilafat. The mission of these Khalifasis to protect the Law, and to bring people back to the right path.
The special signs and characteristics of these Khalifas are:. The khalifa should fortify the spiritual organization set up by him and protect it from the enemies of Islam. Only a person whose life closely paralleled that of the Holy Prophet in terms of spirituality, piety and knowledge could be appointed his Khalifa. Accordingly, Hazrat Abu Bakr, the closest companion of the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him , was named his first successor. After the passing of Hazrat Ali, many factions sprung up among the Muslims, and the appointment of the khalifabecame a dynastic succession of the ruling families.
The institution of Khilafat was restored to its previous position in this century after the death of the Promised Messiah peace be on him , with all the Divinely ordained conditions that accompanied the Righteous Khilafat. See later in this chapter. Anyone reading a newspaper or listening to the media today is aware that many different Islamic groups exist throughout the Muslim world. These groups, known as sects, differ with one another on the interpretation of some Islamic beliefs and their practice.
The development of sects within Islam began very early in Islamic history. In fact, upon the death of the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him and the appointment of the first Khalifa, Hazrat Abu Bakr, differences in the community began to surface almost immediately. These differences and disagreements heightened to such a degree that the unity of the Islamic community was threatened.
Indeed, within thirty years, the followers of Islam split and separated into two different sects. These are:. This is the main sect of Muslims today. They accept the authority of the Khilafate Rashideen the rightly guided successors and follow closely the custom and practice sunnah of the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him.
The Shias form a separate faction, originating from their belief that only Hazrat Ali was the legitimate successor to the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him. They disown the three other Khalifate Rashideen. The Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him foretold of such divisions among his followers, and indeed, there are now seventy-three sects in Islam.
Some important sects and their relationship with the two mainstream sects are:. Ahmadiyyat is a sect of Islam, and not a new religion. It is, in fact, the renaissance of Islam. He claimed to be the Messiah and Mahdi whose coming was foretold by the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him.
His followers are called Ahmadi Muslims. Ahmadi Muslims strictly follow the orthodox religion of Islam and have not added or taken out anything as far as the fundamental beliefs and acts of worship are concerned. Ahmadi Muslims have the same kind of enthusiasm for Islam as the early followers of the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him.
They are devoted to the service of Islam and the spread of its teachings throughout the world. There are three areas where the beliefs of Ahmadi Muslims differ from that of other Sunni Muslims. Non-Ahmadi Muslims interpret the verse to mean that there can be no prophet of any kind after Hazrat Muhammad peace and blessings of Allah be on him , that the door of revelation has closed forever and that Allah will never speak directly to His servants again.
Ahmadi Muslims, on the other hand believe that Allah reveals Himself and speaks to His created beings and will continue to do so till the end of time. They believe that prophethood will continue, but that there will never be any new law-bearing prophet after the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him. Any prophet coming after him must be his follower and, therefore, come from the fold of Islam.
This is what the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him himself prophesied, when he foretold the coming of Isa ibn Maryam from among his followers to rejuvenate Islam in the latter days. Ahmadis believe that this prophecy has been fulfilled in the coming of the Promised Messiah. Non-Ahmadi Muslims also believe this prophecy, but still await its fulfillment. The differences between Ahmadi Muslims and non-Ahmadi Muslims regarding Jesus peace be on him are quite significant. Many non-Ahmadis believe that Jesus was never put on the cross and that his place was taken by someone who resembled him.
According to them, Jesus was physically lifted up into the heavens where he waits for his return to earth as the second advent. Ahmadis believe that Jesus was put on the cross, but did not die on it. He was unconscious when taken down from the cross, having been nailed to it for only a few hours. He was nursed back to health by his close companions, and then traveled east to Kashmir, a northern province of India.
There, he fulfilled his actual mission which was to preach to the lost tribes of Israel. He died a natural death at a considerable old age and his tomb can be found in Srinigar, Kashmir, India. The Coming of the Promised Messiah. All Muslims believe that in the Latter days a Reformer Messiah and Mahdi would appear and restore the religion of Islam to its former glory. There are many Hadithwhich refer to the coming of the Reformer, and present signs for his advent.
Non-Ahmadi Muslims have adopted the belief that as Jesus did not die but ascended bodily to heaven, he will return as the Messiah in the latter days of Islam. They also claim that the Mahdi who they believe is a different person and would be from the fold of Islam will spread Islam with a sword and wage war on all those who disbelieve.
Ahmadi Muslims reject this interpretation. They believe that Jesus has already died as all mortals must, and thus he cannot return. They interpret the second advent of Jesus peace be on him as a spiritual event, similar to the second coming of Elijah, as explained by Jesus himself. Just as John the Baptist had come fulfilling the prophecy of the second coming of Elijah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad peace be on him has come fulfilling the prophecy of the second advent of Jesus peace be on him.
He came to revitalize the religion of Islam and his sword was his pen, with which he asserted the truth and superiority of Islam. Born in in Qadian, India, his life greatly mirrored that of the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him. He became acclaimed from an early age for his truthfulness, piety and integrity. His knowledge of Islam and his devoted defense of it against all critics was renowned.
However, when he declared himself to be the Promised Messiah under Divine guidance in , those that had revered him now attacked him. In fact, he fulfilled all the existing prophecies concerning the advent of a reformer in the latter days. He also emphasized that his purpose in being appointed by Allah was to bring new life to the religion of Islam, which had become polluted and corrupted over the ages, and to establish its supremacy over all other religions. He brought no new teachings, but was the most devoted follower and servant of the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him.
He will be a just judge and will break the cross and destroy the swine and will set aside a war. This hadithhas been fulfilled by Hazrat Ahmad peace be on him. He broke the cross by showing that Jesus died a natural death and that the Christian doctrines of Atonement and Trinity have no foundation. His mission was to show the beauties of Islam by peaceful means, by learned discussion, arguments, and writings, not by the sword.
To this end he wrote more than eighty books during his lifetime, in four different languages. Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad peace be on him died in , leaving behind him a community of thousands, which has now swelled to millions worldwide and is carrying on with his mission. The institution of Khalifat successors was reestablished after the death of the Promised Messiah in the same tradition as the Khilafate Rashida the Righteous Successors.
To the present day there have been four Khalifas. He is a grandson of the Promised Messiah. For further information on the Ahmadiyya Khilafat, please see Chapter 7 of this book. Unfortunately, the western media often portrays Islam in an erroneous way and creates a picture of rigid and fanatical fundamentalists.
This is, of course, far from the truth. Islam is a universal religion. It claims to be the true way to God for all peoples, for all time. The concept of universality in a religion requires that it overcomes not only geographic and national boundaries, but also the boundaries of time. Only Islam is able to make this claim, because it is a religion whose teachings are related to the human psyche, i.
Islam emphasizes that any religion which is rooted in the human psyche transcends time and space. As the human psyche is unchangeable, then the religion which is closely connected to it is unchangeable also.
Who Is God the Father Within the Trinity?
Islam is the only religion that accepts previous teachings and their bearers as coming from God. It does stipulate however, that these teachings have been tampered with, and can no longer be relied on as true guidance. This acceptance and incorporation of other scriptures makes Islam a truly universal religion. For a religion to be truly universal, it has to appeal to people of all natures and cultures. Therefore it cannot be a teaching that is forced on others.
Islam does not permit the use of force to spread its message. Surely, right has become distinct from wrong….. The highest form of jihad is the struggle of man with his own soul to rid it of vices and ties to the material world, and to elevate his spirit to attain nearness to Allah. Another type of jihad may take the form of preaching and dissemination of the teaching of Islam by peaceful means. A third type of jihad is defending Islam against unprovoked aggression and attempt to physically destroy Islam by its enemies. Islam carries with it a strong message of brotherhood and the equality of man.
This is an essential ingredient of universality. Islam teaches love for all things. The Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him says:. Islam teaches that in the sight of Allah, all men are equal regardless of race, status or wealth. He judges them only on their good deeds. The last sermon of the Holy Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him contains these beautiful words:. An Arab possesses no superiority over a non-Arab, nor does a non-Arab over an Arab. A white is no way superior to a red, nor for that matter, a red to a white, but only to the extent to which he discharges his duty to God and man.
The most honored among you in the sight of God is the most righteous among you. All Muslims are as brethren to each other. All of you are equal. All men, whatever station in life they may hold, are equal. While he was saying this, the Prophet raised his hands and joined the fingers of the one hand with the fingers of the other hand and then said:. No one has any right, any superiority to claim over another. You are as brothers… What I command today is not meant only for today. It is meant for all time. Nazi leaders celebrated Nordic myths and used Nordic symbolism for their image of heroic warriors during World War II.
Lastly, neo-Nazi groups, such as the National Alliance and Volksfront , have used symbols of Norse mythology, such as the life rune, in their group insignias and propaganda. Similarly, Aryan prison gangs have also been known to write letters and inscribe messages on tattoos using the runic alphabet. Another example of a white supremacist religious concept is the Creativity Movement. Ben Klassen is credited with creating this religion for the White race in Florida in Creativity emphasizes moral conduct and behavior for the white race e.
It was February 13, Marshal execution-style on a lonely stretch of highway outside of Medina, North Dakota. A second U. Marshal later died of his wounds. Yori and a deputy sheriff survived. The gun battle — between a group of sovereign citizens leaving a Posse Comitatus meeting and four lawmen — erupted while authorities were attempting to serve an arrest warrant on Kahl during a traffic stop for failure to appear. While on the run, Kahl wrote a page letter to a fellow sovereign citizen stating the motive behind his attack.
On June 4, , Gordon Kahl died in a shootout near Smithville, Arkansas, but not before he killed another lawman who attempted to confront Kahl in a burning farmhouse. Today, Gordon Kahl is looked upon as a modern-day patriot martyr by many sovereign citizens, militia extremists and other radicals on the alt-right. The Sovereign Citizen Movement SCM is a loosely organized collection of groups and individuals who believe that virtually all forms of state and federal government are illegitimate. Sometimes referred to as constitutionalists, freemen or common law advocates, they use tactics such as harassment, threats and intimidation against their enemies.
Sovereign citizens have also been known to violently attack — even kill — government officials and others. Due to the high level of sovereign citizen encounters and related criminal activity, law enforcement, government officials and academics are keenly aware of it. Few, however, understand that sovereign citizen actions are oftentimes based on religious beliefs.
Core sovereign citizen beliefs are based on their own version of law that is derived from a combination of the Magna Carta, the Bible, English common law, and various 19 th century state constitutions. Central to their argument is the view of a Supreme Being having embodied every person with certain inalienable rights as stated in the U. Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, and the Bible. They believe their doctrine is inspired, sanctioned and sustained by God.
Author Verl K. SCM ideology appeals to a wide range of people separated by generations, cultural and ethnic differences, and spans the political spectrum. As a result, religious concepts among sovereign citizens can fall anywhere along the theological continuum. For example, some extremist insular communities, such as the Church at Kahweh in California and the Christ County Kingdom of God sect in Michigan, have merged sovereign citizen tradecraft into their religious organizations. The Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints FLDS faction in Hildale, Utah, also embraces and uses aspects of sovereign citizen tactics, such as engaging in welfare and tax fraud, disregarding federal and state laws or authority, and creating their own police force which is neither certified nor recognized by the state.
In contrast, some sovereign citizens, particularly those who are younger, reject organized religion — its institutions, doctrine and scriptures. Spirituality is the opposite of religion. Some SCM propaganda includes Christian fundamentalist beliefs concerning millennialism, ends times prophecy and the apocalypse — including the Mark of the Beast Conspiracy. According to the conspiracy, Satan rules our world e. They also believe that the anti-Christ will soon rise from one of these nations.
Using their interpretation of the Bible, some sovereign citizens surmise that Babylonian law is controlled by merchants i. According to Speers, Babylon, Satan and the anti-Christ are hell-bent on keeping everyone else enslaved in debt, regulation and oversight. Their objectives are simple; financial profit and power in furtherance of their own self interests. Sovereign citizens are known to use Biblical passages to justify tax fraud as well as defaulting on credit card payments or bank loans.
They most often cite Old Testament scriptures, which reference paying usury and taking money from the poor, such Ezekiel , Proverbs , Deuteronomy , and Leviticus Sovereign citizen extremists further cite Nehemiah to bolster the belief that oppressive taxation results from sin. Also, 1 Kings is used to justify rebellion against the government for oppressive taxation. Sovereign citizen extremists have also been known to form fictitious churches or obtain bogus pastoral certifications in an attempt to avoid paying taxes.
They usually obtain fake ecclesiastical credentials online or through mail-order catalogues and fraudulent ministerial schools. They falsely claim that such an arrangement entitles them to exemption from Federal income taxes as an organization described in USC c 3 laws. Some sovereign citizens have been known to change their residence to a church — even putting up signs on their property with the name of their fake religious organization.
Courts have routinely rejected this tax avoidance tactic as frivolous, upheld criminal tax evasion convictions against those making or promoting such arguments and imposed civil penalties for falsely claiming corporation sole status. Sovereign citizens have also used religion as cover for other fraudulent schemes. For example, on April 24, , Jerry R.
Hate In God’s Name
The indictment further alleges that Eddie Ray Kahn founded and led the group from through During that time period, the Guiding Light of God Ministries enrolled more than 4, customers from all 50 states, the District of Columbia and several foreign countries. Defendants Williamson, Stephen C.
Hunter, Danny True and Allan J. Tanguay allegedly worked with Kahn to develop and sell tax defiance schemes based on deliberate misrepresentations of the legal foundation of the tax system. They rallied to defend the Bundy family against a perceived overzealous and tyrannical government — some even pointing long guns at federal agents during the weeks-long standoff. Federal authorities eventually backed down, fearing a bloodbath. The Bundy brothers orchestrated an armed takeover of the Malheur Wildlife Refuge , a Federal facility, which lasted 41 days.
As with Waco and Ruby Ridge during the s, the Bunkerville and Malheur standoffs today used religious concepts to guide and motivate others into recruiting for extremist causes and radicalizing some into open rebellion against federal authority. Some were even inspired to break the law as a result of the religious concepts and scripture being incorporated into these events.
Despite extensive media coverage of these events, few know that religion played a key role in both standoffs. Cliven Bundy and his family referred to Mormon scriptures to justify their actions against the government. Bundy believed his grazing rights on federal land stemmed from his Mormon ancestry. Bundy rationalized that Mormon pioneers had worked the land long before the BLM was established and that God created the federal land in question.
Therefore, the government had no right to control who uses the land. In , Cliven reportedly used the Mormon belief in personal revelation from God to gain divine insight into organizing and carrying out the Bunkerville standoff. Ammon Bundy, who is named after a well-known Book of Mormon figure, would later use the same religious concepts as his father for the Malheur takeover. Their admiration takes on religious overtones. They believe that the U. Constitution are derived solely from the Bible. It is important to note that many people not associated with militia extremism believe similarly about the U.
This does not make them extremists. Some militia groups, which often organize according to a military structure, have been known to appoint chaplains within the group. The militia movement has historically feared, predicted and anticipated a cataclysmic event that could lead to the collapse of the United States. Some militia members believe that such cataclysmic events are based in Biblical prophecies.
They further believe that Jesus will battle the Anti-Christ before restoring his kingdom on earth. Book of Revelation. For example, toward the end of the s, many in the militia movement prepared for the turn of the millennium e. Y2K due to the impending belief that American society would collapse and result in anarchy and social chaos. The failure of the Y2K prophecy left many in the militia movement disenchanted and many left as a result. These apocalyptic teachings have also been linked with the radicalization of militia extremist members. For example, eight members of the Hutaree militia in Adrian, Michigan, were arrested in March for conspiring to attack police officers and blow up their funeral processions.
All but two were later acquitted by a federal judge for conspiring to kill police officers. The foolish ones took not enough oil to last the whole night and figured that the bridegroom would arrive earlier than he did. Further, militia members often reason that defending themselves, their families, and communities against the New World Order is a literal battle between good i. God and evil i. Satan or the devil. Many people not associated with militia extremism believe we are living in the last days or are engaged in preparedness-related activities. Again, this does not necessarily make them extremists.
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Mosques attacked by arson , bombings and vandalism. Many of these crimes remain unsolved.
Index of Cults and Religions
They reportedly hoped the planned truck bomb attack would incite a religious war between Christians and Muslims in the U. In October , Curtis Allen, Gavin Wright and Patrick Eugene Stein were arrested and charged with conspiring to use a weapon of mass destruction to blow up the apartment complex which would have also destroyed a mosque, and killed many American Muslims. These types of activities are meant to harass and intimidate an entire faith-based community.
While a majority of pro-life movement members employ peaceful and legal means to advance their goals, a number of violent anti-abortion extremists have demonstrated their intent and capability to carry out attacks designed to cause property damage and loss of life. Like other domestic terrorists in the U. The violent anti-abortion extremist movement has utilized many criminal tactics to further their goals, which range from acts of civil disturbance, such as human blockades and vandalism, to shootings and fire bombings. Violent anti-abortion extremists have also been known to stalk doctors who practice abortion, as well as issue physical threats, conduct chemical attacks and mail anthrax hoax letters.
Anti-abortion-related criminal activity in the U. For example, in May , Scott Roeder , a known anti-abortion extremist, murdered Dr. George Tiller at a church in Wichita, Kansas. During , there were several attacks against Planned Parenthood clinics in Louisiana, Mississippi , Texas , Washington and California. Most of the attacks were likely related to increased media coverage of government funding of Planned Parenthood as well as an undercover video controversy involving Planned Parenthood allegedly selling fetal body parts.
The Planned Parenthood controversy was later debunked on national news. On November 27, , Robert Lewis Dear opened fire on patrons and police officers at an abortion clinic with an assault rifle, killing three and wounding nine others. Violent anti-abortion extremist ideology is based solely on Christian religious beliefs and the use of Biblical scripture.
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A review of violent anti-abortion extremist propaganda online is filled with Biblical references to God and Jesus Christ, which they believe sanction their violent actions. Many of the scriptures quoted in violent anti-abortion extremist propaganda focus on protecting children, fighting against evil doers, and standing up to iniquity or sin. Violent anti-abortion extremists use religious and moral beliefs to justify violence against abortion providers, their staff and facilities. Violent anti-abortion extremists believe that human life begins at conception.
For this reason, they equate abortion to murder.