Aleksandra Lisovska , born c. Through her influence on the sultan and her mastery of palace intrigue, Roxelana wielded considerable power. Roxelana was born about in the town of Rohatyn, in what is now western Ukraine. According to some sources, her Christian name was Aleksandra Lisovska.
The moniker Roxelana, by which she became known in Europe, probably originated as a reference to her Rusyn , or Ruthenian, roots. She was then made to convert to Islam and entered the harem , the royal household in which hundreds of women were held in sexual servitude to the sultan. By Ottoman imperial custom a concubine was allowed to have only one son; when he came of age, mother and son were sent away together. During his frequent absences on military campaigns, they wrote poetry to each other. She also became a patroness of public works , commissioning many projects for the Ottoman royal architect Sinan.
Their first big project, started by , was the Haseki mosque complex in Constantinople. Two schools and a hospital were among its components. Roxelana died in April We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.
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Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: concubinage. Concubinage , the state of cohabitation of a man and a woman without the full sanctions of legal marriage. The Judeo-Christian term concubine has generally been applied exclusively to women, although a cohabiting male may also be called a…. Ottoman Empire , empire created by Turkish tribes in Anatolia Asia Minor that grew to be one of the most powerful states in the world during the 15th and 16th centuries.
The Ottoman period spanned more than years and came to an end only in , when it was replaced…. The Sultan is likely unconcerned with the anonymity of Prince Ali, nor is worried about details such as his native country as he is glad to have a concerned suitor after Jasmine chased all the other princes away.
He also confides to Jafar that he could stay a free man as "maybe you will not have to marry Jasmine after all". This unknowingly angered Jafar as he lusted after Jasmine and wanted her for his wife, and saw Prince Ali as a potential threat and rival. Later, Jafar attempts to kill Aladdin to prevent him from marrying Jasmine.
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Jafar then hypnotizes the Sultan in order that Jasmine marries Jafar. However, this plan is foiled when Aladdin reappears and reveals Jafar's treachery. The Sultan orders Jafar's arrest, but Jafar manages to escape. At first, he worries about how he will continue to rule Agrabah now that his own advisor's true colors have been revealed, but after seeing Aladdin and Jasmine together, he realizes that the two have fallen in love, and Jasmine confirms that she has chosen "Prince Ali" as her suitor.
The Sultan is utterly delighted that Jasmine has finally chosen a suitor and without hesitation blesses their union. Delighted, the Sultan then decides to have Aladdin and Jasmine wed immediately while also deciding to have Aladdin become the new Sultan once they are married. However, unknown to either the Sultan or Jasmine, Aladdin was upset by the news as he felt guilty for lying to the kingdom of his true identity and became afraid of becoming Sultan.
The very next day, the Sultan announces Aladdin and Jasmine's engagement to the kingdom, but Jafar returns with the lamp and wishes to become Sultan. When the Sultan and Jasmine both refuse to bow to Jafar even as the Sultan of Agrabah, Jafar makes his wish to become a sorcerer. He makes the Sultan a living clown-dressed marionette whom Iago takes out his anger about being force-fed dry crackers on.
However, when Jafar is defeated, all his spells break. When everything returns to normal, the Sultan overhears Aladdin telling Jasmine goodbye, as Jasmine can only marry a prince. Genie offers to rectify the situation by saying Aladdin has one more wish and that he should use it to be a prince again. Despite Genie's pleas that Aladdin will be losing a wonderful woman like Jasmine, Aladdin holds true to his earlier promise with Genie that only two wishes were for himself.
Noting that Aladdin has proven his worth as far by defeating Jafar and freeing Genie, the Sultan decides to repeal the prince marriage law so that Jasmine can marry the man whom she deems worthy, Aladdin. However, he grows suspicious of Aladdin after he defends Iago , who used to work for Jafar and commands him to watch the bird.
When Jafar returns, he takes advantage of Iago's new position as an "ally" to Aladdin and makes him suggest the Sultan and Aladdin have a discussion in a place where they are ambushed by Jafar and Abis Mal. The Sultan is imprisoned along with Aladdin's friends, and Jafar uses his turban to frame Aladdin for his murder.
He is later freed by the Genie who is then freed by Iago and saving Aladdin from getting beheaded by a tricked Razoul and is later seen at the end of the film, again requesting Aladdin to become his vizier but Aladdin turns down the Sultan's offer because he wishes to travel and see the world with Jasmine. Throughout the TV series, the Sultan played a prominent supporting role, with a few episodes looking at his efforts to form alliances with other nations - including one occasion where he was nearly roped into a marriage to an Amazonian-esque queen, and others looking at his past; one episode saw Aladdin and the gang forced to deal with a plant-based sorcerer named Arbutus whom the Sultan had unintentionally offended by taking a rose from the creature's garden in his youth.
Arbutus demanded that in 20 years he wanted the Sultan's most precious treasure in return - and this 'treasure' was Jasmine. On some occasions, Sultan would attempt to prove that he can be a heroic and daring adventurer much like Aladdin which he proved when Jasmine was kidnapped by Amazons who wanted to include her in their family.
This aspect of his character was mostly explored in the episode " Armored and Dangerous ". When Agrabah was threatened by Dominus Tusk and Aladdin was out of town on a diplomatic mission, the Sultan reluctantly decided to don the cursed armor of Kileem , only to be possessed by his spirit, who desired to conquer the Seven Deserts. At the end of the episode, when Kileem's statue, the source of the armor's power, is destroyed along with Kileem's spirit, the Sultan is freed, with no memory of anything that happened after he put on the armor.
Another example would be " A Sultan Worth His Salt " when Jasmine is kidnapped by the Galifems, the Sultan decides to join Aladdin in rescuing her, but to his annoyance, Aladdin was more concerned for his safety, so much that the Sultan decided to split off. At the climax, the Sultan rescues Aladdin and Jasmine on a winged horse.
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However, Razoul later reveals to the Sultan that Cassim is the King of Thieves and, with no other choice, the Sultan has Razoul incarcerate Cassim in the dungeon for life. After Aladdin helps Cassim escape the dungeon, and comes back to accept the consequences for his actions, the Sultan prepares to punish Aladdin in anger for freeing Cassim, but Genie and Jasmine come to his defense, stating that all he wanted was to give his father a second chance.
The Sultan accepts his apology. At the end of the film, his wish of seeing Jasmine marrying someone comes true when she marries Aladdin. The Sultan plays a supporting role during Jasmine's segment of the film. He is first seen during a morning routine of handing over an apple to Sahara, the former horse of Jasmine's deceased mother.
The Sultan explains to Jasmine that her mother was the only rider the aggressive Sahara was accepting of; without the apple, it wouldn't be safe for even the Sultan to interact with the horse. As he makes his way, Jasmine expresses her desire to add to her community, to which the Sultan responds by bestowing her a position as "Royal Assistant Educator" at the Royal Academy. Later on, Sahara is mysteriously released from her pin, though the person responsible is unknown. The stable boy, Hakeem, worries for his job, but Jasmine volunteers to find Sahara, herself.
To keep her father in the dark about the incident, Jasmine asks her lady-in-waiting to keep the Sultan occupied during her journey. The Sultan is successfully kept from the stables for the entirety of the day but eventually loses his patience.
The Sultan’s Wife
Just as he arrives at the stables, Sahara returns with Jasmine as his rider. Astonished by the sight, the Sultan express his happiness in seeing the similarities between Jasmine and her mother. The Sultan appeared as a cameo in House of Mouse. Most of the time, he can be seen applauding after a cartoon, with Jasmine sitting with him. An emoticon version of the Sultan briefly appeared at the end of the Aladdin entry of the As Told by Emoji short series.
He became a near-mindless puppet as a result of Jafar's consistent hypnosis, which the latter utilized to rule the city. He is eventually freed from his curse by the combined efforts of Jasmine and Aladdin. The Sultan appears in the film, played by Navid Negahban; here, we discover his wife who originates from the kingdom of Sherebad was killed many years prior to the events of this movie, so the Sultan forbids Jasmine from going outside in fear of what could happen to her.
This incarnation of the Sultan loses many of his childish traits, appearing as a competent and active ruler, while remaining kind and benevolent; towards his subjects and guests. Furthermore, the Sultan also took an important part in the climax of this film, when he pushed the staff out of Jafar's hands while the latter conjured a dark sorcery on Iago in which the latter was transformed into a giant and monstrous Roc, and was sent to go after the magic lamp when Jasmine took it and rode away on Magic Carpet with Aladdin and Abu , which resulted for Iago to be reverted back to its normal form; but not long before the Sultan was being restrained by Jafar's loyal guards, while Jafar retrieved his staff and summoned a sand twister that captures Aladdin and Jasmine and brings them back to him and even destroying the Magic Carpet in the process , as well as retrieving back the magic lamp.