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Physical Security Best Practices

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What are the key components of your Risk Assessment? Is it more cost-effective to develop the material in-house versus outsourcing? How many waivers have been granted for weaknesses that could not be remediated by implementing patches or work-arounds? This one-of-a-kind Phys How many new systems have been implemented during the reporting period? This one-of-a-kind Physical security information management self-assessment will make you the trusted Physical security information management domain veteran by revealing just what you need to know to be fluent and ready for any Physical security information management challenge.

How do I reduce the effort in the Physical security information management work to be done to get problems solved? How can I ensure that plans of action include every Physical security information management task and that every Physical security information management outcome is in place? How will I save time investigating strategic and tactical options and ensuring Physical security information management costs are low? How can I deliver tailored Physical security information management advice instantly with structured going-forward plans?

There's no better guide through these mind-expanding questions than acclaimed best-selling author Gerard Blokdyk. Blokdyk ensures all Physical security information management essentials are covered, from every angle: the Physical security information management self-assessment shows succinctly and clearly that what needs to be clarified to organize the required activities and processes so that Physical security information management outcomes are achieved.


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Contains extensive criteria grounded in past and current successful projects and activities by experienced Physical security information management practitioners. Their mastery, combined with the easy elegance of the self-assessment, provides its superior value to you in knowing how to ensure the outcome of any efforts in Physical security information management are maximized with professional results.

Your purchase includes access details to the Physical security information management self-assessment dashboard download which gives you your dynamically prioritized projects-ready tool and shows you exactly what to do next. Your exclusive instant access details can be found in your book. You will receive the following contents with New and Updated specific criteria: - The latest quick edition of the book in PDF - The latest complete edition of the book in PDF, which criteria correspond to the criteria in Lifetime Updates is an industry-first feature which allows you to receive verified self assessment updates, ensuring you always have the most accurate information at your fingertips.

Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. More Details Friend Reviews. Cloud-based access control systems update over the air and provide real-time reports, allowing you to monitor the system from your mobile dashboard. When disaster strikes, you need to act fast and in accordance with your adopted procedures. That is why you need to test your disaster recovery plan on a regular basis, both on a technological level and a human one. Drills should test your ability to react both to natural disasters and emergencies caused by internal or outside threats that can threaten data or personal safety.

Thankfully, access control systems allow you to tell who is still in your building and who is outside in the case of an emergency that requires evacuation. You should also check for weak points concerning access to critical business resources, such as server rooms, data centers, production lines, power equipment and anything else that may impact your daily operations. The specific security practices you should implement when creating a solid physical security strategy always depend on the specifics of your premises and the nature of your business, but many physical security plans share certain core elements.

Working examples of security strategy and countermeasures in physical security have a number of best practices in common. Your first line of defense may include fenced walls or razor wires that work at preventing the average by-passer from entering your security perimeter. Protective barriers are used for preventing the forced entry of people or vehicles and should always be complemented by gates, security guards and other points of security checks.

Once you get to the main building, locks are a very effective method that enables only individuals with a key or a proper level of access control to open or unlock a door or gate. Locks may be connected to a more comprehensive security monitoring system, which is quite simple to do. You can place alarms at each of these points that are triggered if doors are held open for too long, if access cards have been swiped too many times or if a badge has been used to swipe into a space twice before being used to swipe out of a space.

Even better, you can control access based on the time of day, keeping employees out before and after regular hours. Cloud-based access control systems can be programmed or integrated with a calendar so that the doors remain unlocked during certain times of day—for example, a yoga studio might find it useful to keep the door unlocked up to 5 minutes after the class begins and then the doors can automatically lock to prevent the teacher from pausing class or latecomers from interrupting.

Your physical security should incorporate surveillance cameras and sensors that track movements and changes in the environment, especially after hours. You also need to install proper security lighting to ensure all monitored areas are visible at any given moment. Security guards should cover all entry points to your facility during regular hours and even overnight, while also securing business-critical areas indoors, like labs or server rooms.

Water, smoke and heat detectors, as well as a sprinkler system, are your protection against natural disasters like water leakages, smoke buildup and fire. Your last point of defense against unauthorized access is the use of smart cards, biometric identification and real-time clearance aimed at allowing only authenticated, authorized personnel to get into a restricted area or gain access to a certain amenity.

In any event, you need to assess all possible scenarios and study past examples of successful physical security procedures before implementing feasible countermeasures for your facilities. By adding multiple layers of authentication you make sure that only the people you have approved can access certain parts of your facility. Thanks to huge leaps in technology, this is all possible now. While all spaces are different, certain best practices are shared between many different types of physical security plans.

Access control, especially, is a great way to make sure that you know who is entering your space, plus when and how they are doing it. By protecting your important assets and sensitive data, you are saving yourself trouble down the line, especially for spaces that deal with important clients or secretive information. At one point or another, every office will need to invite visitors inside. Companies that want to remain secure, prove their solid safety procedures and leave a positive impression with customers and investors should consider implementing an access control system with strong policies regarding visitors.

Visitors are largely a beneficial presence, but even the most humble offices still have private information and sensitive data that they would prefer to keep away from outsiders, especially ones who might use it for less than positive reasons. By improving your current visitor management system, you can impress visitors while demonstrating just how secure your facility is. Use this article to make sure your system is up to date and ready to guard your space. Unlike the old-fashioned method of logging visitors by hand, access control systems allow you to keep track of who is in your space and where they are at all times.

Access control works by assigning badges to the people who use your space. Encoded in each of the badges, which can take the form of swipeable cards, RFID chips or even QR codes, is a unique, identifying number for that cardholder. Each ID number has a designated level of access, which allows cardholders to access certain amenities based on clearance level, the time of day and any other factor that you would like to monitor. Cloud-based access control systems integrate with visitor management software, like Envoy. Visitor access control allows you to assign temporary badges to visitors. These badges are designed to expire after a certain amount of time and allow you to decide where, exactly, each visitor can go within your facility.

Instead of turning visitors loose, you can control their movements and even revoke their access if they stay inside too long. A certain feeling of trust is inspired in visitors when they enter your building, where the staff at the front desk welcomes them with a warm smile and a personalized badge that is entered into a visitor pass management system. As a first impression, this action makes your organization appear careful, diligent and well-managed. The value of electronic visitor access control is not only about giving that special client treatment. Among other perks, this step amplifies the worth of your current business, creating an extra real estate opportunity.

Office buildings with proper visitor management systems often sell or rent for higher rates than comparable buildings without this resource. Modern software can make the entryways and other access points into watchdogs, and adding further checkpoints within your facility allows you to continue implementing access control throughout multiple offices or areas inside your building. Installing a separate reader on each door, allows you to know exactly who tried to enter and when they did. Personalized badges enable this.

Data recorded from each access control reader, including data from visitor badges, is stored in your system, so managers or trained security staff can access the reports and read the events log as evidence for employee and client movement. A visitor badge system is like having a discreet, watchful eye that automates your security functions. You and your personnel can worry less, allowing you to spend more time on work without having to deal with complex security tasks. Knowing that you have an office visitor management system also scares off potential intruders and burglars who might want to target your facility.

A common tactic used by these criminals is doing unannounced recon visits to offices that they might want to target.


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  • If they notice that their visit is only being recorded on paper, they might be more likely to attempt a burglary. Access control systems and proper visitor management, which are often combined with video surveillance, is more likely to keep them away and sends them out to search for more vulnerable offices as potential targets. Don't underrate the impact of visitor management systems on productivity and resource control as well. Tracking and measuring data extracted from your visitor management system offers direct insight into the number of visitors you get on multiple time scales and can help you direct your focus toward your most active client base.

    Knowing the movements of visitors, too, can help you optimize your office for people who are coming inside. Sometimes, a proper visitor management system is not only a convenience, but also a necessary tool. You have a very real need for safety, and a special license or certification for working in riskier industries, such as healthcare , finance, and approved vendors , is impossible without having a reliable office visitor management system.

    Checking this data also helps you decide who should be invited back to your space. Time spent inside is a solid indicator of how effective a maintenance team has been, for example. If a certain low-stakes repair takes just half an hour for one contractor but two hours for another maintenance company, the visitor access control data can help you choose the more efficient one for a long-term contract.

    Similarly, if a visitor triggers an alarm within your space, you can revoke their access and refuse to give them the ability to enter again. Employees spend a large part of their days in the office and, as an employer, you probably want this time to be spent productively. The entire facility should enable hard and thorough work and bring out the best in all of your staff, in addition to being accessible, safe and energy efficient.

    Visitor access control, then, is an incredibly important issue to consider, especially through this lens. Although the comfort may be a priority for an office building that only requires a low or intermediate level of scrutiny, an office visitor management system can help in both ease of use and physical security.

    If your office building is classified as low- or medium-level risk, the data that allows you to do business is most likely easily shared or even publicly disclosed, at least to a certain limit. The loss of this confidential data, then, would not harm your reputation or finances critically, or at least enough to drive you out of business.

    However, you should not be lax about protecting this information. It is better, after all, to avoid breaches entirely than to react to them. As a general rule, office buildings of these security levels can avoid the hassle associated with creating an excessive visitor access control system, especially one that would require special licensing or multi-factor authentication of visitors. Depending on the needs of your business, you can decide to upgrade or downsize these system requirements, but this is a good place to start.

    For example, small businesses that operate out of residential buildings and educational or institutional organizations will likely be at the bottom of the scale of security classifications, while corporate outposts and industrial, chemical or research-based businesses will be near the top of the scale. For very large commercial buildings, it is important to consider how an automated visitor management system can be integrated into the overall building automation system.

    Everything You Need to Know About Physical Security

    You can also choose to include options for the monitoring and control of HVAC and lighting systems as a measure of energy efficiency. High-security office buildings typically require the more advanced protection of data and other assets by law. Part of these requirements are met by employing trained staff and conducting regular reporting and audits with official authorities. A crucial part of this, too, is a rigorous visitor management system. The loss of data or an attack on the system would significantly endanger the future, safety and budget of a any high-risk organization, and such an event could also adversely impact the people and resources that are important to stakeholders, clients and investors.

    All of this means that the risk that arises from an inadequate visitor access control system is enough to potentially result in a major litigation or investigations, massive financial losses, and detrimental consequences to the health and safety of your employees.

    Physical Security Assessments

    Imagine, for a moment, the effects of an improper visitor management system in a building that houses a laboratory. If anyone can simply walk inside or access high-security areas because of a flawed access system, burglars or hackers could walk away with highly sensitive information or industry secrets, which could bring ruin to any business. When you are in charge of designing a visitor management system for a high-risk office, follow the lead of public buildings to create a security framework that fits your needs, adjusting the design to the most advantageous form for your own business.

    A dedicated visitor management system is the secret weapon of any secure office. While much energy is spent trying to make the employee experience safer , paying attention to visitors helps to keep them from using your trust as a tool to gain access to your secure files and data. For cameras and video systems for the purpose of video surveillance and security, there are 4 main options:. In the end it helps to start with the purpose: Why do i need a video system?

    Legitimate reasons:. Basically you want to have proof of events or suspicious behavior to show to law enforcement or police if things get stolen. In startups laptops or other re-sellable items get stolen more often than people think. It's not a topic that appears in the media a lot, so it's not on everyone's radar. But basically if you think of ongoing documentation and no other needs, you could just buy a Deli-style DVR system which records a certain amount of video hours.

    If something happens, you could go back in time on the video and see what happens. If you'd like to have alerts set up for when a door unlocks and two people enter or something more specific, you'd need to either buy an integrated IP video and access control system, or if something more basic is enough, get a consumer grade wireless video camera which can send alerts during certain hours also. Real time monitoring means you have to have some sort of remote video visualization and surveillance capabilities.

    Live streaming of video can cost a lot of bandwidth and it is highly recommended to have a sophisticated IT manager on board when planning this - otherwise your network goes down from the video stream volume alone. Again, standard consumer grade wireless cameras can be a great start before jumping into more precise video solutions. If you need to verify identities with video image recognition or behavior tracking, you need the highest end systems the market can provide.

    Milestone Systems or similar are great video technology companies who provide cutting edge systems for enterprise. Smart home cameras are great, affordable and fast to deploy products. Perfect for small businesses with a minimum IT budget and they allow many advanced functions. Of course precision, image quality, transmission speed, security and many more features are somewhat basic, but you can get an ok security with a Ring Wireless Doorbell or Nest Camera. Kisi's opinion : You are looking for a fast start or a quick fix - this is the way to go.

    Don't expect anything beyond though.

    Typically those system have four to six hardwired cameras with a DVR recorder. Sometimes these systems are called "security systems" - keep in mind that a security system typically has alarm, video but also access control. Kisi's opinion : Just having something in hand in case a break-in happens makes sense and is the perfect use-case for DVR systems.

    The Complete Guide to Physical Security - Paul R. Baker, Daniel J. Benny - Google книги

    No need for ADT or the likes. Typically it gets expensive here. For a standalone IP video system, you need a custom setup and companies like Milestone System will charge you a large price tag. The great thing is that you can call most manufacturers and they'll recommend you a local security company to work with. Kisi's opinion : IP video surveillance means going "pro" - make sure you have the budget and the IT infrastructure to support those solutions. There are good reasons to have video surveillance and access events combined in one central dashboards.

    A popular provider in the startup world is S2 Security who is actually an access control provider but has their own video solutions on top. Kisi's opinion : Going this route means you are a fortune company or need to behave like one. Ryan Manship, the president of RedTeam Security Consulting, explains his suggested approach to physical security when it comes to penetration testing.

    He also told us what to avoid during testing and gives tips on some of the best practices. Rather than hiring a security consultant or paying thousands of dollars for a penetration test, Kisi Labs aims to automate the process and offer this free service to as many people as possible. RedTeam Security Consulting is a specialized, boutique information security consulting firm led by a team of experts. The company, founded in , is based in Saint Paul, Minnesota. Its areas of business include in-depth manual penetration testing, application penetration testing, network penetration testing and social engineering.

    When is a physical testing needed? Ryan listed three of the most important situations where he thinks a testing is required. When physical security becomes a realistic attack factor that cannot be ignored, it means that you truly want to understand what your attack surface looks like. That is when you need to consider having a physical penetration testing toolkit. Similarly, you need to prepare and test social engineering campaigns to reduce the likelihood of the success of these campaigns.

    Or they understand them but need buy-in from their decision maker. Finally, compliance also drives suggestions for testing; but usually, the regulatory bodies only suggest testing, but do not require it specifically. The most important aspect of security testing is to validate the assumptions you have about the current security setup.

    If you are not testing it, two crucial problems might occur:. How well can you handle the situation and how fast can you react? Those things have to be learned through testing. In a physical security penetration test you can learn about it in a controlled set of circumstances. What does the communication plan look like, how are you dealing with it timewise and publicity-wise? For testing physical security, specifically, you should focus on the different controls—are you able to breach the perimeter, are you able to get in the building?

    Physical security testing is often not done in a vacuum. Of those, often the physical vector is the most underrated, but humans are statistically still the weakest link. First, they work with a small leadership group. Then they come up with an attack plan on how to potentially obtain those assets.